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Information on EC 6.3.4.2 - CTP synthase (glutamine hydrolysing)

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EC Tree
     6 Ligases
         6.3 Forming carbon-nitrogen bonds
             6.3.4 Other carbon-nitrogen ligases
                6.3.4.2 CTP synthase (glutamine hydrolysing)
IUBMB Comments
The enzyme contains three functionally distinct sites: an allosteric GTP-binding site, a glutaminase site where glutamine hydrolysis occurs (cf. EC 3.5.1.2, glutaminase), and the active site where CTP synthesis takes place. The reaction proceeds via phosphorylation of UTP by ATP to give an activated intermediate 4-phosphoryl UTP and ADP [4,5]. Ammonia then reacts with this intermediate generating CTP and a phosphate. The enzyme can also use ammonia from the surrounding solution [3,6].
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota, Archaea
Reaction Schemes
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Synonyms
ctps, ctp synthetase, ctp synthase, ctps1, ctpsyn, cytidine triphosphate synthetase, ctp synthetase 1, ctps2, cytidine 5'-triphosphate synthase, ecctps, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
ATP + UTP + L-glutamine = ADP + phosphate + CTP + L-glutamate
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ATP + UTP + NH3 = ADP + phosphate + CTP
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(1b)
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L-glutamine + H2O = L-glutamate + NH3
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(1a)
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