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Information on EC 1.14.19.2 - stearoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] 9-desaturase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.14.19.2
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IUBMB Comments
The enzyme is found in the lumen of plastids, where de novo biosynthesis of fatty acids occurs, and acts on freshly synthesized saturated fatty acids that are still linked to acyl-carrier protein. The enzyme determines the position of the double bond by its distance from the carboxylic acid end of the fatty acid. It also acts on palmitoyl-[acyl-carrier-protein] [4,5].
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
Reaction Schemes
+
2
reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster
+
+
2
=
+
2
oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster
+
2
Synonyms
stearoyl-acp desaturase, stearoyl-acyl carrier protein desaturase, sacpd-c, desa1, desa2, zmsad1, stearoyl-acyl carrier protein (acp) desaturase, nbsacpd-c, xssad, sacpd, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
stearoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + 2 reduced ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + O2 + 2 H+ = oleoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + 2 oxidized ferredoxin [iron-sulfur] cluster + 2 H2O
show the reaction diagram
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