BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 1.14.19.2

Overexpression of stearoyl-ACP desaturase enhances accumulations of oleic acid in the green alga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii

Hwangbo, K.; Ahn, J.; Lim, J.; Park, Y.; Liu, J.; Jeong, W.; Plant Biotechnol. Rep. 8, 135-142 (2014)
No PubMed abstract available

Data extracted from this reference:

Localization
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
plastid
-
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
9536
-
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
stearoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + reduced acceptor + O2
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
-
oleoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + acceptor + H2O
-
-
?
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
A8IQB8
-
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
stearoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + reduced acceptor + O2
-
728451
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
oleoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + acceptor + H2O
-
-
-
?
Cofactor
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Ferredoxin
-
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Cofactor (protein specific)
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Ferredoxin
-
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Localization (protein specific)
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
plastid
-
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
9536
-
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
stearoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + reduced acceptor + O2
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
-
oleoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + acceptor + H2O
-
-
?
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
stearoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + reduced acceptor + O2
-
728451
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
oleoyl-[acyl-carrier protein] + acceptor + H2O
-
-
-
?
Expression
Organism
Commentary
Expression
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
12-24 h after cold stress the enzyme expression is strongly increased and decreases thereafter
up
General Information
General Information
Commentary
Organism
metabolism
the enzyme catalyzes the conversion of stearic acid (18:0) to oleic acid (18:1) in fatty acid biosynthesis. Enzyme overexpression enhances the synthesis of oleic acid 2.4fold
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
General Information (protein specific)
General Information
Commentary
Organism
metabolism
the enzyme catalyzes the conversion of stearic acid (18:0) to oleic acid (18:1) in fatty acid biosynthesis. Enzyme overexpression enhances the synthesis of oleic acid 2.4fold
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Expression (protein specific)
Organism
Commentary
Expression
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
12-24 h after cold stress the enzyme expression is strongly increased and decreases thereafter
up
Other publictions for EC 1.14.19.2
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
744520
de Jaeger
Gene silencing of stearoyl-AC ...
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii 330
Biores. Technol.
245
1616-1626
2017
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
2
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
2
1
-
-
746120
Lakhssassi
Stearoyl-acyl carrier protein ...
Glycine max
Plant Physiol.
174
1531-1543
2017
-
1
1
-
12
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
1
-
12
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
746527
Han
Natural variations in stearoy ...
Zea mays
Theor. Appl. Genet.
130
151-161
2017
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
744605
Du
Modification of the fatty aci ...
Arabidopsis thaliana, Zea mays
BMC Plant Biol.
16
137
2016
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
2
1
-
-
745142
Parvini
Transcriptional analysis of s ...
Olea europaea
J. Agric. Food Chem.
64
7770-7781
2016
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
6
-
-
-
744992
Zhang
Characterization of a stearoy ...
Theobroma cacao
Front. Plant Sci.
6
239
2015
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
-
8
-
11
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
8
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
8
-
-
-
8
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
10
8
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
36
-
-
8
16
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
8
-
1
2
-
-
-
746099
Dunn
-
Cloning and in silico analysi ...
Pinellia ternata
Plant OMICS
8
316-321
2015
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
1
1
2
-
-
746135
Zhao
Identification and expression ...
Xanthoceras sorbifolium
Plant Physiol. Biochem.
87
9-16
2015
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
2
1
-
1
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
2
-
-
-
728451
Hwangbo
-
Overexpression of stearoyl-ACP ...
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Plant Biotechnol. Rep.
8
135-142
2014
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
1
1
-
-
728825
Ruddle
Effect of DELTA9-stearoyl-ACP- ...
Glycine max
Theor. Appl. Genet.
127
349-358
2014
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
735242
Scaglia
-
Expression of Arabidopsis thal ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
RSC Adv.
4
63387-63392
2014
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
745026
Ramesh
Characterization of a stearoy ...
Millettia pinnata
Gene
542
113-121
2014
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
1
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
745027
Gao
Cloning and functional expres ...
Cocos nucifera
Gene
549
70-76
2014
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
746017
Hwangbo
-
Overexpression of stearoyl-AC ...
Chlamydomonas reinhardtii
Plant Biotechnol. Rep.
8
135-142
2014
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
746079
Zhang
A stearoyl-acyl carrier prote ...
Nicotiana benthamiana
Plant J.
80
489-502
2014
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
6
-
-
-
728530
Shelley
SLL1, which encodes a member o ...
Oryza sativa
Plant Sci.
207
12-17
2013
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
728537
Liu
Stearoyl-acyl carrier protein ...
Chromochloris zofingiensis, Chromochloris zofingiensis ATCC 30412
Planta
236
1665-1676
2012
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
1
-
-
713289
Shilman
-
Identification and Molecular C ...
Arachis hypogaea
Plant Mol. Biol. Rep.
29
232-241
2011
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
713432
Schlueter
Stearoyl-acyl carrier protein ...
Ophrys sphegodes, Ophrys sphegodes subsp. sphegodes
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
108
5696-5701
2011
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
3
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
3
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
701075
Cao
Heterologous expression of ste ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Protein Expr. Purif.
69
209-214
2010
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
5
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
700763
Cho
Sequence-level comparative ana ...
Brassica napus
Plant J.
61
591-599
2009
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
700765
Luo
-
Cloning and characterization o ...
Cinnamomum longipaniculatum
Plant Mol. Biol. Rep.
27
13-19
2009
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
3
4
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
1
-
-
-
1
-
3
4
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
676555
Kachroo
The Arabidopsis stearoyl-acyl ...
Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Mol. Biol.
63
257-271
2007
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
7
4
-
8
-
-
1
-
-
5
1
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
8
-
7
4
-
-
-
4
-
30
4
-
8
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
672746
Luo
Characterization of a New Stea ...
Jatropha curcas
Biotechnol. Lett.
28
657-662
2006
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
8
4
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
8
4
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
675756
Fofana
Gene expression of stearoyl-AC ...
Linum usitatissimum
Lipids
41
705-712
2006
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
658100
Davydov
Effect of substrate on the dii ...
Ricinus communis
Biochemistry
44
1309-1315
2005
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
677002
Dyer
X-ray structure of putative ac ...
Mycobacterium tuberculosis, Mycobacterium tuberculosis H37Rv
Protein Sci.
14
1508-1517
2005
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
8
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
660273
Salas
Biochemical characterization o ...
Helianthus annuus
Plant Physiol. Biochem.
42
373-381
2004
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
659221
Moche
Azide and acetate complexes pl ...
Ricinus communis
J. Biol. Chem.
278
25072-25080
2003
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
659565
Serrano-Vega
Cloning and expression of fatt ...
Helianthus annuus
J. Chromatogr. B
786
221-228
2003
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438446
Rogge
Desaturation, chain scission, ...
Ricinus communis
Biochemistry
41
10141-10148
2002
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438445
Whittle
Engineering D9-16:0-acyl carri ...
Ricinus communis
J. Biol. Chem.
276
21500-21505
2001
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438441
Gummeson
Characterization of acyl-ACP d ...
Macadamia integrifolia, Nerium oleander
Plant Sci.
154
53-60
2000
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438442
Shah
-
Temporal regulation of two iso ...
Elaeis guineensis
Plant Sci.
152
27-33
2000
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438443
Schultz
Stearoyl-acyl carrier protein ...
Coriandrum sativum, Pelargonium x hortorum, Spinacia oleracea
Plant Physiol.
124
681-692
2000
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438444
Whitney
Isolation of two putative acyl ...
Bassia scoparia
Biochem. Soc. Trans.
28
623-624
2000
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438440
Haas
Role of hydrophobic partitioni ...
Ricinus communis
Biochemistry
38
12833-12840
1999
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
7
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438438
Cahoon
A determinant of substrate spe ...
Bignonia unguis-cati, Ricinus communis
Plant Physiol.
117
593-598
1998
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438439
Broadwater
Peroxodiferric intermediate of ...
Ricinus communis
Biochemistry
37
14664-14671
1998
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438436
Cahoon
Redesign of soluble fatty acid ...
Ricinus communis
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
94
4872-4877
1997
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438437
Cahoon
Characterization of a structur ...
Asclepias syriaca
Plant Mol. Biol.
33
1105-1110
1997
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438435
Schultz
Expression of a DELTA9 14:0-ac ...
Pelargonium x hortorum
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
93
8771-8775
1996
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438434
Fox
Stearoyl-acyl carrier protein ...
Ricinus communis
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
90
2486-2490
1993
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
2
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438430
Schneider
Preliminary crystallographic d ...
Ricinus communis
J. Mol. Biol.
225
561-564
1992
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438426
Knutzon
Nucleotide sequence of a compl ...
Ricinus communis
Plant Physiol.
96
344-345
1991
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438427
Shanklin
Stearoyl-acyl-carrier-protein ...
Cucumis sativus, Persea americana, Ricinus communis
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
88
2510-2514
1991
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
1
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438428
Thompson
Primary structures of the prec ...
Carthamus tinctorius
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA
88
2578-2582
1991
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
5
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438429
McKeon
Purification and characterizat ...
Carthamus tinctorius
J. Biol. Chem.
257
12141-12147
1982
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
2
1
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
2
1
2
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
1
-
2
1
2
4
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438431
McKeon
-
Stearoyl-acyl carrier protein ...
Carthamus tinctorius
Methods Enzymol.
71
275-281
1981
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
1
2
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
1
2
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438433
Stumpf
Lipid biosynthesis in developi ...
Glycine max
Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
176
63-70
1976
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438424
Jaworski
Fat metabolism in higher plant ...
Carthamus tinctorius
Arch. Biochem. Biophys.
162
158-165
1974
2
-
-
-
-
-
7
1
1
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
1
-
5
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
2
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
7
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438425
Nagai
Enzymatic desaturation of stea ...
Euglena gracilis
J. Biol. Chem.
243
4626-4633
1968
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
1
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
438432
Nagai
Enzymatic desaturation of stea ...
Euglena gracilis, Spinacia oleracea
J. Biol. Chem.
241
1925-1927
1966
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-