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Gene ontology
Version 2014-12-22
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Details for synapse
synapse
Gene ontology ID
GO:0045202
GO:0045202 is linked to 21 enzymes:
Definition
The junction between a nerve fiber of one neuron and another neuron or muscle fiber or glial cell; the site of interneuronal communication. As the nerve fiber approaches the synapse it enlarges into a specialized structure, the presynaptic nerve ending, which contains mitochondria and synaptic vesicles. At the tip of the nerve ending is the presynaptic membrane; facing it, and separated from it by a minute cleft (the synaptic cleft) is a specialized area of membrane on the receiving cell, known as the postsynaptic membrane. In response to the arrival of nerve impulses, the presynaptic nerve ending secretes molecules of neurotransmitters into the synaptic cleft. These diffuse across the cleft and transmit the signal to the postsynaptic membrane
References
1. ISBN 0198506732
2. NIF Subcellular: sao914572699
3. Wikipedia: Chemical synapse
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