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EC Number
General Information
Commentary
Reference
evolution
Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus; Ectocarpus contains a multigenic family of putative ManC5-Es. The genome sequence of Ectocarpus offers the opportunity to have access to a higher number of genes, and potentially proteins, 31 putative ManC5-E genes are analyzed. The ManC5-E family includes genes that are differentially regulated during the life cycle of Ectocarpus
evolution
the bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii produces a family of seven secreted and calcium-dependent mannuronan C-5 epimerases (AlgE1-7); the bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii produces a family of seven secreted and calcium-dependent mannuronan C-5 epimerases (AlgE1-7)
malfunction
reducing the size of AlgE6 influences the epimerization of modified alginates in solution. The A-module from AlgE6 seems to be more affected than AlgE64 at higher degree of oxidation
metabolism
biosynthetic pathway of alginate and the alginate structure involving the enzyme, overview
more
alginate epimerases consist of catalytic and noncatalytic domains. The noncatalytic domains of AlgE4 and AlgE6 possess different alginate binding behavior despite highly similar structures. Noncatalytic subunits of AlgE6 and AlgE4 influence the product specificity of the catalytic domain; alginate epimerases consist of catalytic and noncatalytic domains. The noncatalytic domains of AlgE4 and AlgE6 possess different alginate binding behavior despite highly similar structures. Noncatalytic subunits of AlgE6 and AlgE4 influence the product specificity of the catalytic domain
more
the A-module is the minimal size for an active epimerase even though the active site is located in proximity of the N-terminus; the A-module is the minimal size for an active epimerase even though the active site is located in proximity of the N-terminus; the A-module is the minimal size for an active epimerase even though the active site is located in proximity of the N-terminus; the A-module is the minimal size for an active epimerase even though the active site is located in proximity of the N-terminus; the A-module is the minimal size for an active epimerase even though the active site is located in proximity of the N-terminus; the A-module is the minimal size for an active epimerase even though the active site is located in proximity of the N-terminus. AlgE1 is larger than AlgE6 and has two catalytic active modules (A1 and A2); the A-module is the minimal size for an active epimerase even though the active site is located in proximity of the N-terminus. AlgE1 is larger than AlgE6 and has two catalytic active modules (A1 and A2)
more
transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.; transcript expression as a function of the developmental program of the brown alga, Ectocarpus sp.
physiological function
alginate is produced as poly-M and then certain M residues are converted to G by epimerases acting on the polymer level. The alginate-producing bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii has one periplasmic epimerase, which incorporates single G residues into the alginate during secretion of the polymer. In addition, Azotobacter vinelandii produces seven extracellular C-5 alginate epimerases called AlgE1-7. Each of the epimerases convert mannuronic acid to guluronic acid in different patterns. The secreted and calcium-dependent mannuronan C-5 epimerases in Azotobacter vinelandii are responsible for epimerization of beta-D-mannuronic acid (M) to alpha-L-guluronic acid (G) in alginate polymers; alginate is produced as poly-M and then certain M residues are converted to G by epimerases acting on the polymer level. The alginate-producing bacterium Azotobacter vinelandii has one periplasmic epimerase, which incorporates single G residues into the alginate during secretion of the polymer. In addition, Azotobacter vinelandii produces seven extracellular C-5 alginate epimerases called AlgE1-7. Each of the epimerases converts mannuronic acid to guluronic acid in different patterns. The secreted and calcium-dependent mannuronan C-5 epimerases in Azotobacter vinelandii are responsible for epimerization of beta-D-mannuronic acid (M) to alpha-L-guluronic acid (G) in alginate polymers
physiological function
an isoform algG deletion mutant produces predominantly an unsaturated disaccharide containing a 4-deoxy-L-erythro-hex-4-enepyranosyluronate residue at the nonreducing end and a mannuronic acid residue at the reducing end. The production of this dimer is the result of the activity of an alginate lyase, AlgL, whose in vivo activity is much more limited in the presence of AlgG. A strain expressing both an epimerase-defective and a wild-type epimerase produces two types of alginate molecules: one class being pure mannuronan and the other having the wild-type content of guluronic acid residues. This formation of two distinct classes of polymers in a genetically pure cell line can be explained if AlgG is part of a periplasmic protein complex
physiological function
generation of a strain in which all the algE genes are inactivated by deletion (algE1-4 and algE1-7) or interruption (algE5). The shake flask-grown mutant strain produces a polymer containing less than 2% G (with periplasmic isoform algG still active), while wild-type alginates contain 25% G. Addition of proteases to growth medium results in a strong increase in the chain lengths of the alginates produced. The mutant strain is unable to form functional cysts. Single algE gene inactivations, with the exception of algE3, has no detected effect on cell growth, morphology or alginate structure; generation of a strain in which all the algE genes are inactivated by deletion (algE1-4 and algE6-7) or interruption (algE5). The shake flask-grown mutant strain produces a polymer containing less than 2% G (with periplasmic isoform algG still active), while wild-type alginates contain 25% G. Addition of proteases to growth medium results in a strong increase in the chain lengths of the alginates produced. The mutant strain is unable to form functional cysts. single isoform AlgE3 insertion mutants produce alginates with a G content as low as 8%, and contain almost no GG diads
Results 1 - 10 of 13 > >>