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EC Number
General Information
Commentary
Reference
malfunction
vitamin A uptake from recombinant holo-retinol-binding protein exhibited by wild-type mice is impaired in Lrat-deficient mice. Lrat-/- mice show elevated cellular vitamin A-binding protein 1, CRBP1, protein in the liver, lung, and adipose tissue as compared with wild type control animals
metabolism
the key step of vitamin A metabolism is the esterification of all-trans retinol, catalyzed by lecithin/retinol acyltransferase, LRAT. Vitamin A metabolism in benign and malignant melanocytic skin cells with regard to expression, functional activity of LRAT, RPE65, and cRBP2 and their regulation, overview
more
the catalytic triad includes histidine 60, tyrosine 154 and cysteine 161 in the LRAT structure
physiological function
relationship between LRAT and Crbp1 during retinyl ester biosynthesis in which mitochondria associated membranes-associated Crpb1 and LRAT colocalize, and both surround the growing retinyl ester-containing lipid droplet. The N-terminus of LRAT, especially K36 and R38, is essential to colocalization with the lipid droplet
more
malignant melanoma cells are able to esterify all-trans retinol and subsequently isomerize all-trans retinyl esters into 11-cis retinol, whereas their benign counterpart melanocytes are not able to catalyze these reactions
physiological function
lecithin:retinol acyltransferase, LRAT, is a membrane-bound protein that plays an essential function in the visual cycle. It catalyzes the esterification of retinol into retinyl esters in the retinal pigment epithelium as well as in other tissues including testis, liver, and intestine
physiological function
lecithin:retinol acyltransferase is critical for cellular uptake of vitamin A from serum retinol-binding protein, which depends on functional coupling of STRA6 with intracellular lecithin:retinol acyltransferase. Vitamin A uptake is regulated by all-trans-retinoic acid in nonocular tissues of mice. When in excess, vitamin A is rapidly taken up and converted to its inert ester form in peripheral tissues, such as lung, whereas in vitamin A deficiency, ocular retinoid uptake is favored
malfunction
homozygous mutation S175R occurs in two patients diagnosed with severe early-onset retinal degeneration
malfunction
generation of an animal model in which the lrat gene is disrupted by homologous recombination gives Lrat-/- mice, which show slow degeneration of their retinas, essentially a shortening of rod outer segments and highly attenuated electroretinograms
physiological function
function of LRAT is to catalyze a trans-esterification reaction that occurs between the sn-1 position of lecithin molecules in the lipid bilayer of the smooth endoplasmic reticulum and all-trans-retinol in the formation of all-trans-retinyl esters. Functional role of LRAT in the visual cycle
Results 1 - 10 of 14 > >>