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EC Number
Natural Substrates
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
lecithin + 11-cis-retinol-[cellular retinol-binding protein]
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lecithin + all-trans-retinol-[cellular retinol-binding protein]
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lecithin + retinol-[cellular retinol-binding protein III]
fatty acid retinyl esters are the storage form of vitamin A, all-trans-retinol, and serve as metabolic intermediates in the formation of the visual chromophore 11-cis-retinal, LRAT catalyzes the synthesis of retinyl esters, thereby drawing retinol from the circulation to storage depots
lecithin + retinol-[cellular retinol-binding protein III]
the enzyme is responsible for catalyzing retinyl ester formation from retinol
lecithin + retinol-[cellular retinol-binding protein]
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more
retinoids play an essential role in development and throughout life, levels in rat tissue after treatment with 2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-4-dioxin, overview
more
ARAT, EC 2.3.1.76, may complement LRAT to provide additional retinyl-ester synthase activity under conditions of high all-trans-retinol
more
low prevalence of lecithin retinol acyltransferase mutations in patients with Leber congenital amaurosis and autosomal recessive retinitis pigmentosa
more
LRAT is not required for retinoid isomerase activity beyond synthesis of retinyl-ester substrate, association of Rpe65 protein, a membrane-associated protein in the retinal pigment epithelium, with membranes is neither dependent upon LRAT nor the result of S-palmitoylation on Cys231, Cys329, and Cys330 by the enzyme, overview
more
LRAT is required for retinoid storage and lipid droplet formation in hepatic stellate cells, LRAT is not the sole enzyme that catalyzes retinyl ester formation in vivo, role of LRAT in retinoid absorption and storage in different tissues, overview
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