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Search term: lipid droplet

Results 1 - 31 of 31
EC Number
Localization
Commentary
GeneOntology No.
Reference
3beta-hydroxysteroid-4alpha-carboxylate 3-dehydrogenase (decarboxylating)
surface of
NADP-retinol dehydrogenase
-
xanthine dehydrogenase
fat-globule, milk
xanthine oxidase
enzyme is associated with bovine milk-fat-globule membrane
xanthine oxidase
membrane-bound
xanthine oxidase
milk lipid globule membrane possesses enzyme activity capable of catalyzing the conversion of xanthine dehydrogenase to xanthine oxidase, kinetic of this process is consistent with the rapid appearence of xanthine oxidase in milk
long-chain-aldehyde dehydrogenase
-
phosphatidylcholine-retinol O-acyltransferase
upon initiating retinyl ester biosynthesis in cells, Crpb1 remains with MAM, and both Crbp1 and MAM re-localize with LRAT. LRAT formed rings around the growing lipid droplets. LRAT-containing rings colocalize with the lipid-droplet surface proteins, desnutrin/adipose triglyceride lipase and perilipin 2. Colocalization with lipid droplets requires the 38 N-terminal amino acid residues of LRAT, and specifically K36 and R38. Formation of rings around the growing lipid droplets does not require functional microtubules
phospholipid:diacylglycerol acyltransferase
-
diacylglycerol O-acyltransferase
the interaction of isoform DGAT2 with lipid droplets is dependent on the C-terminus. Mutants, in which regions of the C-terminus are either truncated or specific regions are deleted, failed to co-localize with lipid droplets when cells are oleate loaded to stimulate triacylglycerol synthesis
2-acylglycerol O-acyltransferase
MGAT1 localizes to the endoplasmic reticulum under normal conditions, and colocalizes to lipid droplets under conditions of enriching fatty acids, contributing to TAG synthesis and LD expansion
1-acylglycerophosphocholine O-acyltransferase
in addition to endoplasmic reticulum, both isoforms LCAT1 and LCAT2 localize to lipid droplets, which consist of a core of neutral lipids surrounded by a monolayer of phospholipid, mainly phosphatidylcholine. This dual localization is enabled by the monotopic topology of the enzymes with both termini facing the cytoplasm, irrespective of supplementation with oleic acid. Lipid droplets have the ability to locally synthesize phosphatidylcholine and this activity correlates with the LPCAT1 and -2 expression levels
histone acetyltransferase
-
1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase
-
1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase
and endoplasmic reticulum
1-acylglycerol-3-phosphate O-acyltransferase
white adipose tissue of mice
long-chain-alcohol O-fatty-acyltransferase
-
alcohol O-acetyltransferase
isoform Atf1
choline-phosphate cytidylyltransferase
CTP:phosphocholine cytidylyltransferase binds stably and via its amphipatic alpha helix to lipid droplet surface during surface expansion, which is essential for the lipid droplet. It is the only enzyme of the phosphatidylecholine synthesis Kennedy pathway that localizes in the lipid droplets
sterol esterase
redistribution of enzyme from cytosol to lipid droplets upon lipid loading of THP-1 macrophages. Enzyme associates with mixed as well as triacylglycerol depleted droplets, enzyme activity is 2.5fold higher with mixed droplets
triacylglycerol lipase
colocalization of isozymes Tgl4p and Tgl5p
triacylglycerol lipase
the enzyme activity is restricted to lipid droplets
phosphatidate phosphatase
lipin 2
phosphatidate phosphatase
lipin-1gamma partially translocates from subcellular membranes to lipid droplets upon fatty acid loading
beta-glucosidase
two different oleuropein-degradative-beta-glucosidases are present
fatty acid amide hydrolase
FAAH-2, localization of FAAH-2 on the cytoplasmic face of lipid droplets, lipid droplet localization is essential for FAAH-2
Results 1 - 31 of 31