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Search term: chloroplast

Results 1 - 100 of 901 > >>
EC Number
Localization
Commentary
GeneOntology No.
Reference
L-iditol 2-dehydrogenase
;
sorbitol-6-phosphate 2-dehydrogenase
-
2-dehydropantolactone reductase (Si-specific)
-
(-)-borneol dehydrogenase
-
histidinol dehydrogenase
-
histidinol dehydrogenase
encoded as proenzyme with amino terminal extension with composition of chloroplast transit peptides
histidinol dehydrogenase
enzyme contains chloroplast transit peptide sequence
shikimate dehydrogenase
-
shikimate dehydrogenase
DHD/SHD-1 containing a plastidic targeting sequence
shikimate dehydrogenase
isozyme VvSDH3 contains a putative chloroplastic transit peptide
glyoxylate reductase
isozyme GLYR2
glyoxylate reductase
utilizes NADH and NADPH equally
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase
-
1-deoxy-D-xylulose-5-phosphate reductoisomerase
a putative chloroplast transit peptide with a conserved cleavage site of CS-M motif is located at the N-terminus of AvDXR
S-(hydroxymethyl)glutathione dehydrogenase
presence of S-nitrosoglutathione, S-nitrosoglutathione reductase and nitrated proteins
chlorophyll(ide) b reductase
-
homoserine dehydrogenase
isozyme I
hydroxymethylglutaryl-CoA reductase (NADPH)
-
L-idonate 5-dehydrogenase (NAD+)
low in 21d berries
malate dehydrogenase
the enzyme harbors a transit peptide of 80 amino acids at the N-terminus
malate dehydrogenase (decarboxylating)
-
malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating) (NADP+)
-
malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating) (NADP+)
both isozymes
malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating) (NADP+)
from bundle sheath cells or mesophyll cells. In all the C4 species, the chloroplasts of bundle sheath cells in control plants show a typical structure of NADP-ME type whose thylakoids are scarcely appressed and grana are rudimentary, while in bundle sheath cell chloroplasts in the salt-treated plants, almost no structural damage is observed, overview
malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating) (NADP+)
isozyme Hvme1 possesses a putative transit peptide
malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating) (NADP+)
isozyme NADP-ME4
malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating) (NADP+)
isozymes ZmC4-NADP-ME and ZmnonC4-NADP-ME
malate dehydrogenase (oxaloacetate-decarboxylating) (NADP+)
putative plastidic isozymes PtNADP-ME4 and PtNADP-ME5
isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
-
isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
ICDH2
isocitrate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
isozyme ICDH2, minor form
phosphogluconate dehydrogenase (NADP+-dependent, decarboxylating)
-
glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
-
glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
matrix
(R)-aminopropanol dehydrogenase
-
glyoxylate reductase (NADP+)
-
glyoxylate reductase (NADP+)
;
glyoxylate reductase (NADP+)
GR2
glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+)
-
glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+)
;
glycerol-3-phosphate dehydrogenase (NAD+)
stroma, soluble
hydroxypyruvate reductase
-
malate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
enzyme is located exclusively in chloroplasts of mesophyll cells
malate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
immunolocalisation experiments show that NADP-linked malate dehydrogenase is located near both thioredoxins (f and m) in the pea leaf chloroplast
malate dehydrogenase (NADP+)
thylakoid membrane
3-isopropylmalate dehydrogenase
the enzyme contains a transit peptide
ketol-acid reductoisomerase (NADP+)
-
phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
-
phosphoglycerate dehydrogenase
in leaves
(S)-2-hydroxy-acid oxidase
-
choline oxidase
glycine betaine production in transgenic plants
glycolate dehydrogenase
-
photosystem II
lumen of thylakoid
L-ascorbate peroxidase
approximately 46% of the APX activity is associated with intact chloroplasts
L-ascorbate peroxidase
APX6, APX7
L-ascorbate peroxidase
significant increase of stromal activity and decrease of thylakoidal activity in response to 0.07-0.11 mM NaCl with concommittant increase in H2O2 content of chloroplasts and reduction of ascorbate level
L-ascorbate peroxidase
stroma
L-ascorbate peroxidase
stromal ascorbate peroxidase is particularly important for photoprotection during the early greening process. In mature leaves, thylakoid-bound enzyme and stromal enzyme are functionally redundant, and crucial upon sudden onset of oxidative stress. The chloroplast ascorbate peroxidases contribute to chloroplast retrograde signalling pathways upon slight fluctuations in the accumulation of H2O2 in chloroplasts; stromal enzyme is particularly important for photoprotection during the early greening process. In mature leaves, thylakoid-bound enzyme and stromal enzyme are functionally redundant, and crucial upon sudden onset of oxidative stress. The chloroplast ascorbate peroxidases contribute to chloroplast retrograde signalling pathways upon slight fluctuations in the accumulation of H2O2 in chloroplasts
L-ascorbate peroxidase
stromal; thylakoidal
L-ascorbate peroxidase
thylakoid-bound
L-ascorbate peroxidase
two APX isoforms, one thylakoid-bound and one stromal. APXs in the chloroplast is a highly sensitive site of antioxidant systems under Cd stress, and the inactivation of APX could be mainly responsible for oxidative modification to Rubisco and subsequent decrease in its activity
peroxiredoxin
peroxiredoxin Q represents about 0.3% of chloroplast proteins. It attaches to the thylakoid membrane and is detected in preparations enriched in photosystem II complexes
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate 2,3-dioxygenase
-
9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase
a chloroplast-targeting peptide is located at N-terminus of SoNCED
9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase
sequence contains a putative chloroplast signal peptide at the amino terminus; sequence contains a putative chloroplast signal peptide at the amino terminus
9-cis-epoxycarotenoid dioxygenase
VP14 is imported into chloroplast with cleavage of a short stroma-targeting domain. Mature VP14 exists in two forms, one which is soluble in stroma and the other bound to thylakoid
linoleate 9S-lipoxygenase
subcellular localization analysis
9-cis-beta-carotene 9',10'-cleaving dioxygenase
-
9-cis-beta-carotene 9',10'-cleaving dioxygenase
protein contains a probable chloroplast targeting sequence of 31 amino acids
carotenoid-9',10'-cleaving dioxygenase
protein contains a probable chloroplast targeting sequence of 31 amino acids
all-trans-8'-apo-beta-carotenal 15,15'-oxygenase
-
chlorophyllide-a oxygenase
envelope inner membrane
chlorophyllide-a oxygenase
envelope inner membrane, in light and dark grown cells
chlorophyllide-a oxygenase
envelope inner membrane, the N-terminal 56 amino acid residues contain a transit peptide sequence
chlorophyllide-a oxygenase
enzyme and outer envelope solute-channel protein of 16 kDa are dispensable for chloroplast biogenesis and play no central role in the import of pre-protochlorophyllide oxidoreductase A in vivo and in vitro
chlorophyllide-a oxygenase
intrinsic in inner envelope and thylakoid membrane
chlorophyllide-a oxygenase
mutant fusion enzyme signal patterns in chloroplasts, fusion enzyme signal only in vacuolated chloroplasts (abnormally developed, no organized thylakoid membranes and chlorophylls) within variegated leaf sectors (group IV mutants - defect in chloroplast development)
chlorophyllide-a oxygenase
the chloroplast localization signal of OsCAO1 likely exists in the N-terminus
trans-cinnamate 2-monooxygenase
predominantly, chloroplast membrane
magnesium-protoporphyrin IX monomethyl ester (oxidative) cyclase
-
carotenoid epsilon hydroxylase
-
carotenoid epsilon hydroxylase
as most carotenoids are synthesized and stored in plastids, the location of CitCYP97C, together with the other enzymes involved, i.e. CitHYb, CitCYP97A, and CitCYP97B, within plastid allows them to catalyze the reaction of carotene hydroxylation
heme oxygenase (biliverdin-producing)
-
heme oxygenase (biliverdin-producing)
HY1, HO3, and HO4 are present as the processed mature protein in the plastid compartment
heme oxygenase (biliverdin-producing)
localization in transgenic Arabidopsis thaliana
ent-isokaurene C2/C3-hydroxylase
-
ent-kaurene monooxygenase
enzyme is targeted to the outer chloroplast envelope
Results 1 - 100 of 901 > >>