Information on Organism Vitis vinifera

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EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
transferred to EC 1.1.5.3
deleted, the activty is included in EC 1.3.5.1, succinate dehydrogenase (quinone)
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
preliminary BRENDA-supplied EC number
deleted 2008. Now divided into EC 4.3.1.23 (tyrosine ammonia-lyase), EC 4.3.1.24 (phenylalanine ammonia-lyase) and EC 4.3.1.25 (phenylalanine/tyrosine ammonia-lyase)
transferred to EC 5.4.2.11, EC 5.4.2.12. Now recognized as two separate enzymes EC 5.4.2.11, phosphoglycerate mutase (2,3-diphosphoglycerate-dependent) and EC 5.4.2.12, phosphoglycerate mutase (2,3-diphosphoglycerate-independent)
preliminary BRENDA-suppliled EC number
PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
(S)-propane-1,2-diol degradation
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3-methylbutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
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acetaldehyde biosynthesis I
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acetylene degradation (anaerobic)
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alpha-Linolenic acid metabolism
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Biosynthesis of secondary metabolites
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butanol and isobutanol biosynthesis (engineered)
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chitin degradation to ethanol
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Chloroalkane and chloroalkene degradation
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Drug metabolism - cytochrome P450
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ethanol degradation I
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ethanol degradation II
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ethanol fermentation
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ethanolamine utilization
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Fatty acid degradation
-
-
Glycine, serine and threonine metabolism
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Glycolysis / Gluconeogenesis
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heterolactic fermentation
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L-isoleucine degradation II
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L-leucine degradation III
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L-methionine degradation III
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L-phenylalanine degradation III
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L-tryptophan degradation V (side chain pathway)
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L-tyrosine degradation III
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L-valine degradation II
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leucine metabolism
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Metabolic pathways
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Metabolism of xenobiotics by cytochrome P450
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methionine metabolism
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Microbial metabolism in diverse environments
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mixed acid fermentation
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Naphthalene degradation
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noradrenaline and adrenaline degradation
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phenylalanine metabolism
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phenylethanol biosynthesis
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phytol degradation
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propanol degradation
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol I
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol II
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pyruvate fermentation to ethanol III
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pyruvate fermentation to isobutanol (engineered)
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Retinol metabolism
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salidroside biosynthesis
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serotonin degradation
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superpathway of fermentation (Chlamydomonas reinhardtii)
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Tyrosine metabolism
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tyrosine metabolism
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valine metabolism
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Caprolactam degradation
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detoxification of reactive carbonyls in chloroplasts
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ethylene glycol biosynthesis (engineered)
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Glycerolipid metabolism
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L-tryptophan degradation X (mammalian, via tryptamine)
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lipid metabolism
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Pentose and glucuronate interconversions
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pyruvate fermentation to butanol I
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traumatin and (Z)-3-hexen-1-yl acetate biosynthesis
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degradation of sugar alcohols
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glycerol degradation II
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glycerol degradation V
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Propanoate metabolism
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1,3-propanediol biosynthesis (engineered)
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glycerol-3-phosphate shuttle
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Glycerophospholipid metabolism
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phosphatidate biosynthesis (yeast)
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D-sorbitol degradation I
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Fructose and mannose metabolism
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D-galactose degradation IV
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Folate biosynthesis
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Galactose metabolism
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L-arabinose degradation II
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chorismate biosynthesis from 3-dehydroquinate
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chorismate metabolism
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Phenylalanine, tyrosine and tryptophan biosynthesis
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D-xylose degradation IV
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glycolate and glyoxylate degradation
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Glyoxylate and dicarboxylate metabolism
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L-arabinose degradation IV
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(S)-lactate fermentation to propanoate, acetate and hydrogen
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Bifidobacterium shunt
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Cysteine and methionine metabolism
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L-lactaldehyde degradation
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lactate fermentation
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pyruvate fermentation to (S)-lactate
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Pyruvate metabolism
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superpathway of glucose and xylose degradation
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alanine metabolism
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L-alanine degradation II (to D-lactate)
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vancomycin resistance I
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isoprene biosynthesis II (engineered)
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mevalonate metabolism
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mevalonate pathway I
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mevalonate pathway II (archaea)
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mevalonate pathway III (archaea)
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Terpenoid backbone biosynthesis
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, cytosol)
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C4 and CAM-carbon fixation
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NAD-ME type
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Carbon fixation in photosynthetic organisms
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Carbon fixation pathways in prokaryotes
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Citrate cycle (TCA cycle)
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citric acid cycle
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formaldehyde assimilation I (serine pathway)
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gluconeogenesis I
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gluconeogenesis III
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glyoxylate cycle
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incomplete reductive TCA cycle
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malate/L-aspartate shuttle pathway
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Methane metabolism
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methylaspartate cycle
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partial TCA cycle (obligate autotrophs)
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pyruvate fermentation to propanoate I
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reductive TCA cycle I
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reductive TCA cycle II
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superpathway of glyoxylate cycle and fatty acid degradation
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TCA cycle I (prokaryotic)
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TCA cycle II (plants and fungi)
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TCA cycle III (animals)
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TCA cycle IV (2-oxoglutarate decarboxylase)
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TCA cycle V (2-oxoglutarate:ferredoxin oxidoreductase)
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anaerobic energy metabolism (invertebrates, mitochondrial)
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gluconeogenesis
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L-carnitine degradation III
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L-malate degradation II
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, NADP-ME type
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C4 photosynthetic carbon assimilation cycle, PEPCK type
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photosynthesis
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L-glutamine biosynthesis III
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ethylene biosynthesis V (engineered)
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Glutathione metabolism
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NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH cytosolic interconversion (yeast)
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TCA cycle VI (Helicobacter)
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TCA cycle VII (acetate-producers)
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Pentose phosphate pathway
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pentose phosphate pathway
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pentose phosphate pathway (oxidative branch) I
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway I
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formaldehyde oxidation I
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superpathway of glycolysis and the Entner-Doudoroff pathway
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mevalonate degradation
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1,3-dimethylbenzene degradation to 3-methylbenzoate
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1,4-dimethylbenzene degradation to 4-methylbenzoate
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2,5-xylenol and 3,5-xylenol degradation
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3-chlorotoluene degradation II
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m-cresol degradation
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Phenylalanine metabolism
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salicin biosynthesis
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salicortin biosynthesis
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Toluene degradation
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toluene degradation to benzoate
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Xylene degradation
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Entner Doudoroff pathway
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androgen and estrogen metabolism
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androgen biosynthesis
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androstenedione degradation
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cholesterol degradation to androstenedione II (cholesterol dehydrogenase)
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progesterone biosynthesis
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sitosterol degradation to androstenedione
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Steroid degradation
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Steroid hormone biosynthesis
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geraniol and geranial biosynthesis
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Geraniol degradation
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Arachidonic acid metabolism
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arachidonic acid metabolism
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capsiconiate biosynthesis
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phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
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Phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
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phenylpropanoid biosynthesis
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adenosine nucleotides degradation I
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Drug metabolism - other enzymes
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guanosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
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inosine 5'-phosphate degradation
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Purine metabolism
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purine metabolism
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Flavonoid biosynthesis
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leucodelphinidin biosynthesis
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leucopelargonidin and leucocyanidin biosynthesis
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mannitol degradation II
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ketogluconate metabolism
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L-idonate degradation
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cholesterol biosynthesis
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cholesterol biosynthesis (plants)
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cholesterol biosynthesis I
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cholesterol biosynthesis II (via 24,25-dihydrolanosterol)
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phytosterol biosynthesis (plants)
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Steroid biosynthesis
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sterol biosynthesis (methylotrophs)
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zymosterol biosynthesis
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formaldehyde oxidation
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formaldehyde oxidation II (glutathione-dependent)
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protein S-nitrosylation and denitrosylation
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abscisic acid biosynthesis
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Carotenoid biosynthesis
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L-leucine degradation IV (Stickland reaction)
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Ascorbate and aldarate metabolism
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ascorbate metabolism
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D-galacturonate degradation III
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degradation of sugar acids
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L-ascorbate biosynthesis V
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L-ascorbate degradation IV
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methane metabolism
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methanol oxidation to formaldehyde IV
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glycine metabolism
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photorespiration
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glycerol degradation I
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glycerol-3-phosphate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
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glycerol-3-phosphate to fumarate electron transfer
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glycerol-3-phosphate to hydrogen peroxide electron transport
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glycerophosphodiester degradation
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nitrate reduction IX (dissimilatory)
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nitrate reduction X (dissimilatory, periplasmic)
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alkane oxidation
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Arginine and proline metabolism
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aromatic biogenic amine degradation (bacteria)
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beta-Alanine metabolism
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beta-methyl-branched fatty acid alpha-oxidation
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ceramide and sphingolipid recycling and degradation (yeast)
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ceramide degradation by alpha-oxidation
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dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis I (Wollastonia)
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dimethylsulfoniopropanoate biosynthesis II (Spartina)
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dopamine degradation
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Entner-Doudoroff pathway III (semi-phosphorylative)
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ethanol degradation III
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ethanol degradation IV
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fatty acid alpha-oxidation I (plants)
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histamine degradation
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Histidine metabolism
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histidine metabolism
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hypotaurine degradation
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Insect hormone biosynthesis
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Limonene and pinene degradation
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limonene degradation IV (anaerobic)
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Lysine degradation
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NAD/NADP-NADH/NADPH mitochondrial interconversion (yeast)
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non-pathway related
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octane oxidation
putrescine degradation III
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sphingosine and sphingosine-1-phosphate metabolism
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Tryptophan metabolism
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Valine, leucine and isoleucine degradation
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tryptophan metabolism
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retinoate biosynthesis I
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arginine metabolism
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Carbapenem biosynthesis
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L-citrulline biosynthesis
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L-Ndelta-acetylornithine biosynthesis
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L-ornithine biosynthesis II
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L-proline biosynthesis I (from L-glutamate)
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proline metabolism
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acetate fermentation
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acetyl-CoA biosynthesis II (NADP-dependent pyruvate dehydrogenase)
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oxidative decarboxylation of pyruvate
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Alanine, aspartate and glutamate metabolism
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ethylene biosynthesis II (microbes)
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L-arginine degradation I (arginase pathway)
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L-proline degradation
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jasmonic acid biosynthesis
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(-)-maackiain biosynthesis
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(-)-medicarpin biosynthesis
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Isoflavonoid biosynthesis
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2,3-cis-flavanols biosynthesis
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proanthocyanidins biosynthesis from flavanols
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(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z)-docosa-4,7,10,13,16-pentaenoate biosynthesis II (4-desaturase)
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(4Z,7Z,10Z,13Z,16Z)-docosapentaenoate biosynthesis (6-desaturase)
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(9Z)-tricosene biosynthesis
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arachidonate biosynthesis
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arachidonate biosynthesis I (6-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
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arachidonate biosynthesis III (6-desaturase, mammals)
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arachidonate biosynthesis IV (8-detaturase, lower eukaryotes)
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arachidonate biosynthesis V (8-detaturase, mammals)
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Biosynthesis of unsaturated fatty acids
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docosahexaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes)
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docosahexaenoate biosynthesis III (6-desaturase, mammals)
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docosahexaenoate biosynthesis IV (4-desaturase, mammals)
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Fatty acid elongation
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hydroxylated fatty acid biosynthesis (plants)
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icosapentaenoate biosynthesis I (lower eukaryotes)
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icosapentaenoate biosynthesis II (6-desaturase, mammals)
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icosapentaenoate biosynthesis III (8-desaturase, mammals)
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icosapentaenoate biosynthesis V (8-desaturase, lower eukaryotes)
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juniperonate biosynthesis
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sciadonate biosynthesis
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ultra-long-chain fatty acid biosynthesis
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very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis I
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very long chain fatty acid biosynthesis II
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3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis I (aerobic, light-dependent)
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3,8-divinyl-chlorophyllide a biosynthesis III (aerobic, light independent)
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heme b biosynthesis I (aerobic)
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heme metabolism
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Porphyrin and chlorophyll metabolism
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superpathway of heme b biosynthesis from uroporphyrinogen-III
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aerobic respiration I (cytochrome c)
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aerobic respiration II (cytochrome c) (yeast)
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aerobic respiration III (alternative oxidase pathway)
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Butanoate metabolism
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Oxidative phosphorylation
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propionate fermentation
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succinate to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer
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succinate to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer
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carotenoid biosynthesis
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4-aminobutanoate degradation V
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Arginine biosynthesis
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ethylene biosynthesis IV (engineered)
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glutamate and glutamine metabolism
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L-glutamate degradation I
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L-glutamate degradation V (via hydroxyglutarate)
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Nitrogen metabolism
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Taurine and hypotaurine metabolism
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L-glutamate biosynthesis I
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L-glutamine degradation II
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Isoquinoline alkaloid biosynthesis
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L-phenylalanine degradation IV (mammalian, via side chain)
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L-tryptophan degradation VI (via tryptamine)
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melatonin degradation II
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L-threonine degradation III (to methylglyoxal)
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phenylethylamine degradation I
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threonine metabolism
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Tropane, piperidine and pyridine alkaloid biosynthesis
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beta-alanine biosynthesis I
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N-methyl-Delta1-pyrrolinium cation biosynthesis
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glycine biosynthesis II
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glycine cleavage
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ammonia assimilation cycle II
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L-glutamate biosynthesis V
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folate transformations II (plants)
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folate transformations III (E. coli)
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One carbon pool by folate
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tetrahydrofolate biosynthesis
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tetrahydrofolate metabolism
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polyamine pathway
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spermine and spermidine degradation I
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-
NAD metabolism
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NAD/NADH phosphorylation and dephosphorylation
-
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Nicotinate and nicotinamide metabolism
-
-
superpathway of photosynthetic hydrogen production
-
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Ubiquinone and other terpenoid-quinone biosynthesis
-
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vitamin K-epoxide cycle
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ascorbate recycling (cytosolic)
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4-nitrophenol degradation I
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Aminobenzoate degradation
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nitrate reduction II (assimilatory)
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ammonia oxidation II (anaerobic)
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denitrification
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nitrate reduction I (denitrification)
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nitrate reduction VII (denitrification)
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nitrifier denitrification
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nitrite-dependent anaerobic methane oxidation
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nitroethane degradation
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assimilatory sulfate reduction I
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assimilatory sulfate reduction III
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sulfate reduction
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Sulfur metabolism
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glutathione metabolism
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-
glutathione-peroxide redox reactions
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Selenocompound metabolism
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thioredoxin pathway
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ascorbate glutathione cycle
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sulfide oxidation I (to sulfur globules)
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sulfide oxidation III (to sulfite)
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dissimilatory sulfate reduction I (to hydrogen sufide))
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dissimilatory sulfate reduction II (to thiosulfate)
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sulfite oxidation II
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sulfite oxidation III
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Nitrotoluene degradation
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superpathway of tetrathionate reduction (Salmonella typhimurium)
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superpathway of thiosulfate metabolism (Desulfovibrio sulfodismutans)
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o-diquinones biosynthesis
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justicidin B biosynthesis
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matairesinol biosynthesis
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sesamin biosynthesis
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photosynthesis light reactions
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reactive oxygen species degradation
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superoxide radicals degradation
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baicalein degradation (hydrogen peroxide detoxification)
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betanidin degradation
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-
luteolin triglucuronide degradation
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-
L-ascorbate degradation II (bacterial, aerobic)
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L-ascorbate degradation III
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-
L-ascorbate degradation V
-
-
manganese oxidation I
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divinyl ether biosynthesis II
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Linoleic acid metabolism
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-
anandamide lipoxygenation
-
-
15-epi-lipoxin biosynthesis
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aspirin triggered resolvin D biosynthesis
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aspirin triggered resolvin E biosynthesis
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leukotriene biosynthesis
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lipoxin biosynthesis
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resolvin D biosynthesis
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flavonoid biosynthesis
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flavonoid biosynthesis (in equisetum)
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pinobanksin biosynthesis
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Diterpenoid biosynthesis
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gibberellin biosynthesis III (early C-13 hydroxylation)
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gibberellin inactivation I (2beta-hydroxylation)
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Polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon degradation
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4-nitrophenol degradation II
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nitric oxide biosynthesis II (mammals)
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-
1,5-anhydrofructose degradation
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-
acetone degradation I (to methylglyoxal)
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-
acetone degradation III (to propane-1,2-diol)
-
-
Amaryllidacea alkaloids biosynthesis
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-
bupropion degradation
-
-
Caffeine metabolism
-
-
melatonin degradation I
-
-
nicotine degradation IV
-
-
nicotine degradation V
-
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vanillin biosynthesis I
-
-
bacterial bioluminescence
-
-
epoxysqualene biosynthesis
-
-
Sesquiterpenoid and triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
heme degradation I
-
-
bile acid biosynthesis, neutral pathway
Primary bile acid biosynthesis
-
-
Cyanoamino acid metabolism
-
-
Flavone and flavonol biosynthesis
-
-
flavonol biosynthesis
-
-
luteolin biosynthesis
-
-
syringetin biosynthesis
-
-
tricin biosynthesis
-
-
phenylpropanoid biosynthesis, initial reactions
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-
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis I
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-
Stilbenoid, diarylheptanoid and gingerol biosynthesis
-
-
suberin monomers biosynthesis
ginsenoside metabolism
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-
ginsenosides biosynthesis
-
-
ergosterol biosynthesis II
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis I
-
-
(S)-reticuline biosynthesis II
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-
betalamic acid biosynthesis
-
-
catecholamine biosynthesis
rosmarinic acid biosynthesis II
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis I (plants)
-
-
Betalain biosynthesis
-
-
firefly bioluminescence
-
-
L-dopa and L-dopachrome biosynthesis
-
-
pheomelanin biosynthesis
-
-
oleate biosynthesis II (animals and fungi)
-
-
sorgoleone biosynthesis
-
-
gamma-linolenate biosynthesis II (animals)
-
-
7-dehydroporiferasterol biosynthesis
-
-
cholesterol biosynthesis III (via desmosterol)
-
-
ergosterol biosynthesis I
-
-
sphingolipid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
crepenynate biosynthesis
-
-
anthocyanin biosynthesis
-
-
anthocyanin biosynthesis (pelargonidin 3-O-glucoside)
-
-
rutin biosynthesis
-
-
C20 prostanoid biosynthesis
-
-
ethylene biosynthesis III (microbes)
-
-
2,3-trans-flavanols biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
caffeine degradation III (bacteria, via demethylation)
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation I
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation II
-
-
guanosine nucleotides degradation III
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation I (anaerobic)
-
-
purine nucleobases degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
theophylline degradation
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-lysine biosynthesis VI
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Lysine biosynthesis
-
-
lysine metabolism
-
-
Monobactam biosynthesis
-
-
Pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
isoprenoid biosynthesis
-
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methylerythritol phosphate pathway I
-
-
methylerythritol phosphate pathway II
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-
nitrate assimilation
-
-
nitrogen fixation I (ferredoxin)
-
-
tetrachloroethene degradation
-
-
3,5-dimethoxytoluene biosynthesis
-
-
betaxanthin biosynthesis
-
-
guaiacol biosynthesis
-
-
L-dopa degradation
-
-
folate transformations I
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-methionine biosynthesis IV (archaea)
-
-
L-methionine salvage from L-homocysteine
-
-
acacetin biosynthesis
-
-
capsaicin biosynthesis
-
-
chlorogenic acid biosynthesis I
-
-
coumarins biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
phenylpropanoids methylation (ice plant)
-
-
scopoletin biosynthesis
-
-
pinitol biosynthesis I
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis I
-
-
caffeine biosynthesis II (via paraxanthine)
-
-
theobromine biosynthesis I
-
-
methylhalides biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
polymethylated myricetin biosynthesis (tomato)
-
-
xanthohumol biosynthesis
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis I (via L-ornithine)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis II (acetyl cycle)
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis IV (archaebacteria)
-
-
L-citrulline degradation
-
-
L-proline biosynthesis II (from arginine)
-
-
urea cycle
Biosynthesis of ansamycins
-
-
Calvin-Benson-Bassham cycle
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation II (assimilatory RuMP Cycle)
-
-
formaldehyde assimilation III (dihydroxyacetone cycle)
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (non-oxidative branch)
-
-
pentose phosphate pathway (partial)
-
-
Rubisco shunt
-
-
pyridoxal 5'-phosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
Thiamine metabolism
-
-
thiazole biosynthesis I (facultative anaerobic bacteria)
-
-
thiazole biosynthesis II (aerobic bacteria)
-
-
vitamin B1 metabolism
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis I
-
-
anandamide biosynthesis II
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis I
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis II
-
-
diacylglycerol and triacylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
oleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
palmitoyl ethanolamide biosynthesis
-
-
stigma estolide biosynthesis
-
-
Cutin, suberine and wax biosynthesis
-
-
carnitine metabolism
-
-
mitochondrial L-carnitine shuttle
-
-
sterol:steryl ester interconversion (yeast)
-
-
Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 3
-
-
cysteine metabolism
-
-
D-cycloserine biosynthesis
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VII (from S-sulfo-L-cysteine)
-
-
N-3-oxalyl-L-2,3-diaminopropanoate biosynthesis
-
-
seleno-amino acid biosynthesis (plants)
-
-
L-homocysteine biosynthesis
-
-
CDP-diacylglycerol biosynthesis III
-
-
palmitoleate biosynthesis III (cyanobacteria)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidate, yeast)
-
-
plasmalogen biosynthesis
-
-
Ether lipid metabolism
-
-
aromatic polyketides biosynthesis
-
-
flavonoid di-C-glucosylation
-
-
naringenin biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
phloridzin biosynthesis
-
-
geranyl acetate biosynthesis
-
-
volatile esters biosynthesis (during fruit ripening)
-
-
Fatty acid biosynthesis
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
-
-
palmitate biosynthesis (animals and fungi, cytoplasm)
-
-
Biosynthesis of 12-, 14- and 16-membered macrolides
-
-
erythromycin D biosynthesis
-
-
resveratrol biosynthesis
-
-
Anthocyanin biosynthesis
-
-
gentiodelphin biosynthesis
-
-
cholesterol degradation to androstenedione I (cholesterol oxidase)
-
-
stearate biosynthesis I (animals)
-
-
Biosynthesis of various secondary metabolites - part 1
-
-
anthocyanidin acylglucoside and acylsambubioside biosynthesis
-
-
shisonin biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of anthocyanin biosynthesis (from cyanidin and cyanidin 3-O-glucoside)
-
-
NAD salvage pathway V (PNC V cycle)
-
-
gamma-glutamyl cycle
-
-
hypoglycin biosynthesis
-
-
protein ubiquitination
-
-
ferrichrome A biosynthesis
-
-
ketogenesis
-
-
Synthesis and degradation of ketone bodies
-
-
L-leucine biosynthesis
-
-
Valine, leucine and isoleucine biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen degradation I
-
-
glycogen degradation II
-
-
glycogen metabolism
-
-
Starch and sucrose metabolism
-
-
starch degradation III
-
-
starch degradation V
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis II
-
-
sucrose degradation IV (sucrose phosphorylase)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis II (from UDP-D-Glucose)
-
-
cellulose biosynthesis
-
-
sucrose degradation II (sucrose synthase)
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis I (from photosynthesis)
-
-
sucrose biosynthesis III
-
-
Amino sugar and nucleotide sugar metabolism
-
-
chitin biosynthesis
-
-
saponin biosynthesis II
-
-
thyroid hormone metabolism II (via conjugation and/or degradation)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis I (from ADP-D-Glucose)
-
-
glycogen biosynthesis III (from alpha-maltose 1-phosphate)
-
-
starch biosynthesis
-
-
1,3-beta-D-glucan biosynthesis
-
-
lipid A biosynthesis
-
-
lipid A-core biosynthesis (E. coli K-12)
-
-
lychnose and isolychnose biosynthesis
-
-
stachyose biosynthesis
-
-
stellariose and mediose biosynthesis
-
-
daphnetin modification
-
-
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis I - kaempferol derivatives
-
-
flavonol acylglucoside biosynthesis III - quercetin derivatives
-
-
kaempferol gentiobioside biosynthesis
-
-
kaempferol glycoside biosynthesis (Arabidopsis)
-
-
kaempferol triglucoside biosynthesis
-
-
myricetin gentiobioside biosynthesis
-
-
quercetin gentiotetraside biosynthesis
-
-
quercetin glucoside biosynthesis (Allium)
-
-
quercetin glycoside biosynthesis (Arabidopsis)
-
-
quercetin triglucoside biosynthesis
-
-
anthocyanidin modification (Arabidopsis)
-
-
anthocyanin biosynthesis (delphinidin 3-O-glucoside)
-
-
rose anthocyanin biosynthesis II (via cyanidin 3-O-beta-D-glucoside)
-
-
indole-3-acetate inactivation IX
-
-
superpathway of indole-3-acetate conjugate biosynthesis
-
-
biochanin A conjugates interconversion
-
-
daidzein conjugates interconversion
-
-
formononetin conjugates interconversion
-
-
genistein conjugates interconversion
-
-
maackiain conjugates interconversion
-
-
medicarpin conjugates interconversion
-
-
cytokinin-O-glucosides biosynthesis
-
-
Zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan biosynthesis - heparan sulfate / heparin
-
-
heparan sulfate biosynthesis (late stages)
-
-
anthocyanidin sambubioside biosynthesis
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage I
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage III
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage V
-
-
arsenate detoxification I (mammalian)
-
-
fluoroacetate and fluorothreonine biosynthesis
-
-
guanine and guanosine salvage
-
-
nucleoside and nucleotide degradation (archaea)
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation I
-
-
purine deoxyribonucleosides degradation II
-
-
purine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
salinosporamide A biosynthesis
-
-
xanthine and xanthosine salvage
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides degradation
-
-
pyrimidine metabolism
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides degradation
-
-
(aminomethyl)phosphonate degradation
-
-
adenine and adenosine salvage II
-
-
adenine salvage
-
-
glyphosate degradation III
-
-
NAD biosynthesis III (from nicotinamide)
-
-
(3R)-linalool biosynthesis
-
-
(3S)-linalool biosynthesis
-
-
all-trans-farnesol biosynthesis
-
-
bisabolene biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
geranyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
ipsdienol biosynthesis
-
-
linalool biosynthesis I
-
-
mono-trans, poly-cis decaprenyl phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
stellatic acid biosynthesis
-
-
trans, trans-farnesyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
viridicatumtoxin biosynthesis
-
-
2'-deoxymugineic acid phytosiderophore biosynthesis
-
-
L-methionine degradation I (to L-homocysteine)
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine biosynthesis
-
-
S-adenosyl-L-methionine cycle II
-
-
methyl phomopsenoate biosynthesis
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis I
-
-
4-hydroxy-2-nonenal detoxification
-
-
camalexin biosynthesis
-
-
gliotoxin biosynthesis
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification I
-
-
glutathione-mediated detoxification II
-
-
indole glucosinolate activation (intact plant cell)
-
-
pentachlorophenol degradation
-
-
trans-zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
3-dehydroquinate biosynthesis I
-
-
cis-zeatin biosynthesis
-
-
hexaprenyl diphosphate biosynthesis
-
-
(R)-cysteate degradation
-
-
aspartate and asparagine metabolism
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis
-
-
coenzyme M biosynthesis II
-
-
L-asparagine degradation III (mammalian)
-
-
L-aspartate biosynthesis
-
-
L-aspartate degradation I
-
-
L-glutamate degradation II
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation II (anaerobic)
-
-
L-phenylalanine degradation VI (Stickland reaction)
-
-
Novobiocin biosynthesis
-
-
sulfolactate degradation III
-
-
L-alanine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-alanine degradation III
-
-
L-tryptophan degradation XI (mammalian, via kynurenine)
-
-
CMP-legionaminate biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-GlcNAc biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis III
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-glucosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis II
-
-
serine metabolism
-
-
GDP-glucose biosynthesis
-
-
glucose and glucose-1-phosphate degradation
-
-
glycolysis
-
-
glycolysis III (from glucose)
-
-
Neomycin, kanamycin and gentamicin biosynthesis
-
-
Streptomycin biosynthesis
-
-
sucrose degradation III (sucrose invertase)
-
-
trehalose degradation I (low osmolarity)
-
-
trehalose degradation II (cytosolic)
-
-
trehalose degradation IV
-
-
trehalose degradation V
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis II
-
-
mannitol cycle
-
-
metabolism of disaccharids
-
-
sucrose degradation I (sucrose phosphotransferase)
-
-
sucrose degradation VII (sucrose 3-dehydrogenase)
-
-
D-gluconate degradation
-
-
sorbitol biosynthesis II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleosides salvage
-
-
1-butanol autotrophic biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
Entner-Doudoroff pathway II (non-phosphorylative)
-
-
gluconeogenesis II (Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum)
-
-
glycerol degradation to butanol
-
-
glycolysis I (from glucose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis II (from fructose 6-phosphate)
-
-
glycolysis IV (plant cytosol)
-
-
glycolysis V (Pyrococcus)
-
-
photosynthetic 3-hydroxybutanoate biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
GDP-L-fucose biosynthesis II (from L-fucose)
-
-
3-phosphoinositide biosynthesis
-
-
Inositol phosphate metabolism
-
-
creatine-phosphate biosynthesis
-
-
adenosine ribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis
-
-
degradation of hexoses
-
-
stachyose degradation
-
-
type I lipoteichoic acid biosynthesis (S. aureus)
-
-
UDP-alpha-D-glucose biosynthesis I
-
-
glucosylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
choline biosynthesis III
-
-
diacylglycerol biosynthesis (PUFA enrichment in oilseed)
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis I
-
-
phosphatidylcholine biosynthesis II
-
-
phosphatidylcholine resynthesis via glycerophosphocholine
-
-
phosphatidylethanolamine bioynthesis
-
-
Phosphonate and phosphinate metabolism
-
-
ricinoleate biosynthesis
-
-
acyl carrier protein activation
-
-
acyl carrier protein metabolism
-
-
enterobactin biosynthesis
-
-
Pantothenate and CoA biosynthesis
-
-
petrobactin biosynthesis
-
-
sulfide oxidation IV (mitochondria)
-
-
thiosulfate disproportionation IV (rhodanese)
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation I
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation II
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation III (Bacillus)
-
-
lipoate biosynthesis and incorporation IV (yeast)
-
-
Lipoic acid metabolism
-
-
methyl indole-3-acetate interconversion
-
-
methylsalicylate degradation
-
-
retinol biosynthesis
-
-
superpathway of methylsalicylate metabolism
-
-
Bisphenol degradation
-
-
triacylglycerol degradation
-
-
phosphatidylcholine acyl editing
-
-
phospholipases
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylcholine, yeast)
-
-
phospholipid remodeling (phosphatidylethanolamine, yeast)
-
-
plasmalogen degradation
-
-
sophorosyloxydocosanoate deacetylation
-
-
pectin degradation I
-
-
pectin degradation II
-
-
chlorophyll a degradation I
-
-
chlorophyll a degradation II
-
-
chlorophyll a degradation III
-
-
chlorophyll metabolism
-
-
glucose degradation (oxidative)
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis IV
-
-
L-ascorbate biosynthesis VI (engineered pathway)
-
-
chlorogenic acid degradation
-
-
acyl-CoA hydrolysis
-
-
cutin biosynthesis
-
-
sporopollenin precursors biosynthesis
-
-
stearate biosynthesis III (fungi)
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation
-
-
methylglyoxal degradation I
-
-
diethylphosphate degradation
-
-
sulfopterin metabolism
-
-
phosphate acquisition
-
-
Riboflavin metabolism
-
-
L-serine biosynthesis I
-
-
NAD salvage pathway III (to nicotinamide riboside)
-
-
pyridine nucleotide cycling (plants)
-
-
tunicamycin biosynthesis
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation I
-
-
3-phosphoinositide degradation
-
-
2-arachidonoylglycerol biosynthesis
-
-
glycine betaine biosynthesis
-
-
phosphatidate metabolism, as a signaling molecule
-
-
Sphingolipid metabolism
-
-
Monoterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
nepetalactone biosynthesis
-
-
secologanin and strictosidine biosynthesis
-
-
chlorpyrifos degradation
-
-
degradation of aromatic, nitrogen containing compounds
-
-
methyl parathion degradation
-
-
paraoxon degradation
-
-
parathion degradation
-
-
tRNA processing
-
-
starch degradation
-
-
cellulose degradation
-
-
cellulose degradation II (fungi)
-
-
(1,4)-beta-D-xylan degradation
-
-
cellulose and hemicellulose degradation (cellulolosome)
-
-
d-xylose degradation
-
-
chitin degradation I (archaea)
-
-
chitin degradation II (Vibrio)
-
-
chitin degradation III (Serratia)
-
-
Other glycan degradation
-
-
starch degradation I
-
-
alpha-tomatine degradation
-
-
coumarin biosynthesis (via 2-coumarate)
-
-
linamarin degradation
-
-
linustatin bioactivation
-
-
lotaustralin degradation
-
-
neolinustatin bioactivation
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - globo and isoglobo series
-
-
melibiose degradation
-
-
Glycosaminoglycan degradation
-
-
Glycosphingolipid biosynthesis - ganglio series
-
-
lactose degradation II
-
-
xyloglucan degradation II (exoglucanase)
-
-
d-mannose degradation
-
-
sucrose degradation V (sucrose alpha-glucosidase)
-
-
beta-D-glucuronide and D-glucuronate degradation
-
-
rutin degradation (plants)
-
-
degradation of pentoses
-
-
starch degradation II
-
-
trehalose biosynthesis V
-
-
fructan degradation
-
-
N-Glycan biosynthesis
-
-
protein N-glycosylation processing phase (plants and animals)
-
-
Various types of N-glycan biosynthesis
-
-
amygdalin and prunasin degradation
-
-
2-methylpropene degradation
-
-
poly-hydroxy fatty acids biosynthesis
-
-
Peptidoglycan biosynthesis
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis II (staphylococci)
-
-
peptidoglycan biosynthesis IV (Enterococcus faecium)
-
-
peptidoglycan maturation (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
nocardicin A biosynthesis
-
-
L-asparagine degradation I
-
-
superpathway of L-aspartate and L-asparagine biosynthesis
-
-
D-Glutamine and D-glutamate metabolism
-
-
glutaminyl-tRNAgln biosynthesis via transamidation
-
-
L-asparagine biosynthesis III (tRNA-dependent)
-
-
L-glutamine degradation I
-
-
Atrazine degradation
-
-
urea degradation II
-
-
ceramide degradation (generic)
-
-
sphingosine metabolism
-
-
L-arginine degradation IV (arginine decarboxylase/agmatine deiminase pathway)
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis II
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
lipid IVA biosynthesis (P. putida)
-
-
Lipopolysaccharide biosynthesis
-
-
canavanine degradation
-
-
L-arginine degradation VI (arginase 2 pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation VII (arginase 3 pathway)
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis III
-
-
L-arginine degradation V (arginine deiminase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation IX (arginine:pyruvate transaminase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation VIII (arginine oxidase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation X (arginine monooxygenase pathway)
-
-
L-arginine degradation XII
-
-
pyrimidine nucleobases salvage II
-
-
pyrimidine ribonucleosides salvage III
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis I
-
-
6-hydroxymethyl-dihydropterin diphosphate biosynthesis IV (Plasmodium)
-
-
drosopterin and aurodrosopterin biosynthesis
-
-
erythro-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis I
-
-
erythro-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis II
-
-
preQ0 biosynthesis
-
-
tetrahydromonapterin biosynthesis
-
-
threo-tetrahydrobiopterin biosynthesis
-
-
cyanide detoxification I
-
-
UTP and CTP dephosphorylation II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis I
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis II
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis III
-
-
pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides dephosphorylation
-
-
superpathway of pyrimidine deoxyribonucleotides de novo biosynthesis (E. coli)
-
-
acetaldehyde biosynthesis II
-
-
long chain fatty acid ester synthesis (engineered)
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetate VIII
-
-
pyruvate fermentation to acetoin III
-
-
superpathway of ornithine degradation
-
-
arginine dependent acid resistance
-
-
L-arginine degradation III (arginine decarboxylase/agmatinase pathway)
-
-
putrescine biosynthesis I
-
-
spermidine biosynthesis III
-
-
histamine biosynthesis
-
-
hydroxycinnamic acid tyramine amides biosynthesis
-
-
methanofuran biosynthesis
-
-
octopamine biosynthesis
-
-
betaxanthin biosynthesis (via dopamine)
-
-
serotonin and melatonin biosynthesis
-
-
CO2 fixation into oxaloacetate (anaplerotic)
-
-
Methanobacterium thermoautotrophicum biosynthetic metabolism
-
-
spermine biosynthesis
-
-
L-malate degradation I
-
-
4-hydroxy-2(1H)-quinolone biosynthesis
-
-
acridone alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
L-tryptophan biosynthesis
-
-
Phenazine biosynthesis
-
-
homocysteine and cysteine interconversion
-
-
hydrogen sulfide biosynthesis II (mammalian)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis III (from L-homocysteine)
-
-
L-cysteine biosynthesis VI (from L-methionine)
-
-
9-lipoxygenase and 9-allene oxide synthase pathway
-
-
anhydromuropeptides recycling I
-
-
hyaluronan degradation
-
-
gossypol biosynthesis
-
-
lacinilene C biosynthesis
-
-
geosmin biosynthesis
-
-
farnesene biosynthesis
-
-
beta-caryophyllene biosynthesis
-
-
oleoresin sesquiterpene volatiles biosynthesis
-
-
valencene and 7-epi-alpha-selinene biosynthesis
-
-
germacrene biosynthesis
-
-
monoterpene biosynthesis
-
-
beta-cubebene biosynthesis
-
-
C5-Branched dibasic acid metabolism
-
-
L-glutamate degradation VI (to pyruvate)
-
-
benzoate biosynthesis II (CoA-independent, non-beta-oxidative)
-
-
cinnamoyl-CoA biosynthesis
-
-
ephedrine biosynthesis
-
-
canavanine biosynthesis
-
-
L-arginine biosynthesis III (via N-acetyl-L-citrulline)
-
-
Indole alkaloid biosynthesis
-
-
dipicolinate biosynthesis
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from dihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from hexahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from homomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from pentahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from phenylalanine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tetrahomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from trihomomethionine
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tryptophan
-
-
glucosinolate biosynthesis from tyrosine
-
-
L-methionine salvage cycle II (plants)
-
-
teichuronic acid biosynthesis (B. subtilis 168)
-
-
UDP-N-acetyl-D-galactosamine biosynthesis I
-
-
2,3-dihydroxybenzoate biosynthesis
-
-
2-carboxy-1,4-naphthoquinol biosynthesis
-
-
Biosynthesis of siderophore group nonribosomal peptides
-
-
enterobactin biosynthesis
-
-
salicylate biosynthesis I
-
-
vitamin K metabolism
-
-
bacilysin biosynthesis
-
-
L-phenylalanine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis I
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis II
-
-
L-tyrosine biosynthesis III
-
-
lanosterol biosynthesis
-
-
alpha-amyrin biosynthesis
-
-
mangrove triterpenoid biosynthesis
-
-
pentacyclic triterpene biosynthesis
-
-
lupeol biosynthesis
-
-
echinatin biosynthesis
-
-
isoflavonoid biosynthesis I
-
-
diterpene phytoalexins precursors biosynthesis
dolabralexins biosynthesis
-
-
ent-kaurene biosynthesis I
-
-
kauralexin biosynthesis
-
-
beta-carotene biosynthesis
-
-
chlorobactene biosynthesis
-
-
flexixanthin biosynthesis
-
-
isorenieratene biosynthesis I (actinobacteria)
-
-
lutein biosynthesis
-
-
myxol-2' fucoside biosynthesis
-
-
okenone biosynthesis
-
-
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocopherols)
-
-
vitamin E biosynthesis (tocotrienols)
-
-
vitamin E metabolism
-
-
4-coumarate degradation (aerobic)
-
-
4-coumarate degradation (anaerobic)
-
-
4-hydroxybenzoate biosynthesis III (plants)
-
-
6-gingerol analog biosynthesis (engineered)
-
-
caffeoylglucarate biosynthesis
-
-
phaselate biosynthesis
-
-
trans-caffeate degradation (aerobic)
-
-
umbelliferone biosynthesis
-
-
ammonia assimilation cycle I
-
-
L-glutamine biosynthesis I
-
-
nitrate reduction V (assimilatory)
-
-
nitrate reduction VI (assimilatory)
-
-
mycothiol biosynthesis
-
-
pantothenate biosynthesis
-
-
phosphopantothenate biosynthesis I
-
-
ergothioneine biosynthesis I (bacteria)
-
-
glutathione biosynthesis
-
-
homoglutathione biosynthesis
-
-
ophthalmate biosynthesis
-
-
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis I (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis II (lysine-containing)
-
-
UDP-N-acetylmuramoyl-pentapeptide biosynthesis III (meso-diaminopimelate containing)
-
-
Biotin metabolism
-
-
anapleurotic synthesis of oxalacetate
-
-
Aflatoxin biosynthesis
-
-
CO2 fixation in Crenarchaeota
-
-
fatty acid biosynthesis initiation (mitochondria)
-
-
jadomycin biosynthesis
-
-
Fe(II) oxidation
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bd oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
NADH to cytochrome bo oxidase electron transfer I
-
-
oxidative phosphorylation
-
-
arsenite oxidation I (respiratory)
-
-
ATP biosynthesis
-
-
Photosynthesis
-
-
oleandomycin activation/inactivation
-
-
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
SOURCE TISSUE
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
SOURCE
-
; accumulation of product resveratrol
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
of leaf
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
grape must
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
quantitative real-time PCR expression profiling of AOMT and AOMT2 in hairy roots, overview
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
; accumulation of product resveratrol
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
additional information
LOCALIZATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
GeneOntology No.
LITERATURE
SOURCE
-
CPR is membrane-bound
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
within the flower receptacle, significant amounts of enzyme
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
-
stilbene synthase is found predominantly within vesicles (of varying size), along the plasma membrane and in the cell wall, suggesting protein secretion in the apoplast compartment
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
additional information
LINKS TO OTHER DATABASES (specific for Vitis vinifera)