BRENDA - Enzyme Database
show all sequences of 2.1.1.117

Optimization of yeast-based production of medicinal protoberberine alkaloids

Galanie, S.; Smolke, C.; Microb. Cell Fact. 14, 144 (2015)

Data extracted from this reference:

Application
Application
Commentary
Organism
medicine
a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain is engineered to express seven heterologous enzymes (Papaper somniferum norcoclaurine 6-O-methyltransferase (Ps6OMT), Papaver somniferum 3'-hydroxy-N-methylcoclaurine 4'-O-methyltransferase 2 (Ps4'OMT), Papapver somniferum coclaurine N-methyltransferase (PsCNMT), Papaver somniferum berberine bridge enzyme (PsBBE), Thalictrum flavum scoulerine 9-O-methyltransferase (TfS9OMT), Thalictrum flavum canadine synthase (TfCAS), and Arabidopsis thaliana cytochrome P450 reductase 1 (CPR)), resulting in protoberberine alkaloid production from a simple benzylisoquinoline alkaloid precursor. A number of strategies are implemented to improve flux through the pathway, including enzyme variant screening, genetic copy number variation, and culture optimization. This leads to an over 70-fold increase in canadine titer up to 1.8 mg/l. Increased canadine titers enable extension of the pathway to produce berberine, a major constituent of several traditional medicines in a microbial host. This strain is viable at pilot scale
Thalictrum flavum subsp. glaucum
Cloned(Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
canadine-producing Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain harbors expression cassettes for seven heterologous enzymes: Papaper somniferum norcoclaurine 6-O-methyltransferase (Ps6OMT), Papaver somniferum 3'-hydroxy-N-methylcoclaurine 4'-O-methyltransferase 2 (Ps4'OMT), Papapver somniferum coclaurine N-methyltransferase (PsCNMT), Papaver somniferum berberine bridge enzyme (PsBBE), Thalictrum flavum scoulerine 9-O-methyltransferase (TfS9OMT), Thalictrum flavum canadine synthase (TfCAS), and Arabidopsis thaliana cytochrome P450 reductase 1 (CPR). The expression cassettes for the methyltransferases Ps6OMT, PsCNMT, and Ps4'OMT and the cytochrome P450 reductase CPR were chromosomally integrated, TfS9OMT and TfCAS are expressed from a high-copy plasmid, and PsBBE is expressed from a second high-copy plasmid
Thalictrum flavum subsp. glaucum
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Thalictrum flavum subsp. glaucum
Q5C9L2
-
-
Application (protein specific)
Application
Commentary
Organism
medicine
a Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain is engineered to express seven heterologous enzymes (Papaper somniferum norcoclaurine 6-O-methyltransferase (Ps6OMT), Papaver somniferum 3'-hydroxy-N-methylcoclaurine 4'-O-methyltransferase 2 (Ps4'OMT), Papapver somniferum coclaurine N-methyltransferase (PsCNMT), Papaver somniferum berberine bridge enzyme (PsBBE), Thalictrum flavum scoulerine 9-O-methyltransferase (TfS9OMT), Thalictrum flavum canadine synthase (TfCAS), and Arabidopsis thaliana cytochrome P450 reductase 1 (CPR)), resulting in protoberberine alkaloid production from a simple benzylisoquinoline alkaloid precursor. A number of strategies are implemented to improve flux through the pathway, including enzyme variant screening, genetic copy number variation, and culture optimization. This leads to an over 70-fold increase in canadine titer up to 1.8 mg/l. Increased canadine titers enable extension of the pathway to produce berberine, a major constituent of several traditional medicines in a microbial host. This strain is viable at pilot scale
Thalictrum flavum subsp. glaucum
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
canadine-producing Saccharomyces cerevisiae strain harbors expression cassettes for seven heterologous enzymes: Papaper somniferum norcoclaurine 6-O-methyltransferase (Ps6OMT), Papaver somniferum 3'-hydroxy-N-methylcoclaurine 4'-O-methyltransferase 2 (Ps4'OMT), Papapver somniferum coclaurine N-methyltransferase (PsCNMT), Papaver somniferum berberine bridge enzyme (PsBBE), Thalictrum flavum scoulerine 9-O-methyltransferase (TfS9OMT), Thalictrum flavum canadine synthase (TfCAS), and Arabidopsis thaliana cytochrome P450 reductase 1 (CPR). The expression cassettes for the methyltransferases Ps6OMT, PsCNMT, and Ps4'OMT and the cytochrome P450 reductase CPR were chromosomally integrated, TfS9OMT and TfCAS are expressed from a high-copy plasmid, and PsBBE is expressed from a second high-copy plasmid
Thalictrum flavum subsp. glaucum
Other publictions for EC 2.1.1.117
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
743234
Galanie
Optimization of yeast-based p ...
Thalictrum flavum subsp. glaucum
Microb. Cell Fact.
14
144
2015
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
727532
Dang
Cloning and characterization o ...
Papaver somniferum
FEBS Lett.
588
198-204
2014
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
733669
Zhu
-
Homology modeling and molecula ...
Coptis chinensis
Chin. J. Chem.
30
2533-2538
2012
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
720655
Takemura
Metabolic diversification of b ...
Coptis japonica
Plant Cell Physiol.
51
949-959
2010
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
5
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
658313
Dubouzet
Transient RNA silencing of sco ...
Coptis japonica
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
69
63-70
2005
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15194
Takeshita
Molecular cloning and characte ...
Coptis japonica
Plant Cell Physiol.
36
29-36
1995
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15192
Fujiwara
-
Expression of (S)-scoulerine 9 ...
Coptis japonica
Phytochemistry
34
949-954
1993
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15193
Sato
-
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine:scoule ...
Coptis japonica
Phytochemistry
32
659-664
1993
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
2
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
7
-
2
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
4
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15195
Galneder
Alternative final steps in ber ...
Berberis stolonifera, Coptis japonica
Plant Cell Rep.
7
1-4
1988
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
15196
Muemmler
S-Adenosyl-L-methionine:(S)-sc ...
Berberis wilsoniae
Plant Cell Rep.
4
36-39
1985
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
2
-
-
1
1
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
2
1
1
4
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
2
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
1
-
2
1
1
4
-
1
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-