BRENDA - Enzyme Database
show all sequences of 1.3.1.77

Anthocyanidin reductases from Medicago truncatula and Arabidopsis thaliana

Xie, D.Y.; Sharma, S.B.; Dixon, R.A.; Arch. Biochem. Biophys. 422, 91-102 (2004)

Data extracted from this reference:

Cloned(Commentary)
Commentary
Organism
expression in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with maltose-binding protein
Arabidopsis thaliana
expression in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with maltose-binding protein
Medicago truncatula
Inhibitors
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
(+)-catechin
0.5 mM, 50% inhibition
Arabidopsis thaliana
(+/-)-dihydroquercetin
0.025 mM
Arabidopsis thaliana
additional information
no inhibition by Na+ up to 400 mM
Arabidopsis thaliana
additional information
no inhibition by (+)-catechin and (+/-)-dihydroquercetin
Medicago truncatula
Na+
above 200 mM
Medicago truncatula
quercetin
strong inhibition
Arabidopsis thaliana
quercetin
strong inhibition
Medicago truncatula
KM Value [mM]
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.0129
-
cyanidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
0.0145
-
pelargonidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
0.0178
-
delphinidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
0.0498
-
delphinidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
0.0528
-
pelargonidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
0.0739
-
cyanidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
0.45
-
NADPH
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
0.94
-
NADH
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
anthocyanidin + NAD(P)H
Arabidopsis thaliana
enzyme of flavonoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of condensed tannins
2,3-cis-flavan-3-ol + NAD(P)+
-
-
?
anthocyanidin + NAD(P)H
Medicago truncatula
enzyme of flavonoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of condensed tannins
2,3-cis-flavan-3-ol + NAD(P)+
-
-
?
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Arabidopsis thaliana
-
-
-
Medicago truncatula
-
-
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
anthocyanidin + NAD(P)H
enzyme of flavonoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of condensed tannins
654366
Arabidopsis thaliana
2,3-cis-flavan-3-ol + NAD(P)+
-
-
-
?
anthocyanidin + NAD(P)H
enzyme of flavonoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of condensed tannins
654366
Medicago truncatula
2,3-cis-flavan-3-ol + NAD(P)+
-
-
-
?
cyanidin + NADPH
-
654366
Arabidopsis thaliana
(-)-epicatechin + NAD(P)+
-
-
-
?
cyanidin + NADPH
preference of anthocyanidin substrates in decreasing order: cyanidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin
654366
Medicago truncatula
(-)-epicatechin + NAD(P)+
-
-
-
?
delphinidin + 2 NADPH + H+
-
654366
Arabidopsis thaliana
(-)-epigallocatechin + 2 NADP+
-
-
-
?
delphinidin + 2 NADPH + H+
preference of anthocyanidin substrates in decreasing order: cyanidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin
654366
Medicago truncatula
(-)-epigallocatechin + 2 NADP+
-
-
-
?
pelargonidin + 2 NADPH + H+
-
654366
Arabidopsis thaliana
(-)-epiafzelechin + 2 NADP+
-
-
-
?
pelargonidin + 2 NADPH + H+
preference of anthocyanidin substrates in decreasing order: cyanidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin
654366
Medicago truncatula
(-)-epiafzelechin + 2 NADP+
-
-
-
?
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
45
-
-
Medicago truncatula
55
-
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
Turnover Number [1/s]
Turnover Number Minimum [1/s]
Turnover Number Maximum [1/s]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.058
-
delphinidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
0.18
-
cyanidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
1.045
-
cyanidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
1.34
-
delphinidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
pH Optimum
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
5.5
-
in 50 mM citrate/phosphate buffer
Medicago truncatula
6
-
in 50 mM MES buffer
Medicago truncatula
8
-
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
pH Range
pH Minimum
pH Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7
8.9
pH 7.0: about 40% of maximal activity, pH 8.9: about 90% of maximal activity
Arabidopsis thaliana
Cofactor
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
NADH
slight preference for NADPH over NADH
Arabidopsis thaliana
NADH
slight preference for NADPH over NADH
Medicago truncatula
NADPH
slight preference for NADPH over NADH
Arabidopsis thaliana
NADPH
slight preference for NADPH over NADH
Medicago truncatula
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Commentary
Organism
expression in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with maltose-binding protein
Arabidopsis thaliana
expression in Escherichia coli as a fusion protein with maltose-binding protein
Medicago truncatula
Cofactor (protein specific)
Cofactor
Commentary
Organism
Structure
NADH
slight preference for NADPH over NADH
Arabidopsis thaliana
NADH
slight preference for NADPH over NADH
Medicago truncatula
NADPH
slight preference for NADPH over NADH
Arabidopsis thaliana
NADPH
slight preference for NADPH over NADH
Medicago truncatula
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Inhibitors
Commentary
Organism
Structure
(+)-catechin
0.5 mM, 50% inhibition
Arabidopsis thaliana
(+/-)-dihydroquercetin
0.025 mM
Arabidopsis thaliana
additional information
no inhibition by Na+ up to 400 mM
Arabidopsis thaliana
additional information
no inhibition by (+)-catechin and (+/-)-dihydroquercetin
Medicago truncatula
Na+
above 200 mM
Medicago truncatula
quercetin
strong inhibition
Arabidopsis thaliana
quercetin
strong inhibition
Medicago truncatula
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM]
KM Value Maximum [mM]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.0129
-
cyanidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
0.0145
-
pelargonidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
0.0178
-
delphinidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
0.0498
-
delphinidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
0.0528
-
pelargonidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
0.0739
-
cyanidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
0.45
-
NADPH
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
0.94
-
NADH
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
anthocyanidin + NAD(P)H
Arabidopsis thaliana
enzyme of flavonoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of condensed tannins
2,3-cis-flavan-3-ol + NAD(P)+
-
-
?
anthocyanidin + NAD(P)H
Medicago truncatula
enzyme of flavonoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of condensed tannins
2,3-cis-flavan-3-ol + NAD(P)+
-
-
?
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
anthocyanidin + NAD(P)H
enzyme of flavonoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of condensed tannins
654366
Arabidopsis thaliana
2,3-cis-flavan-3-ol + NAD(P)+
-
-
-
?
anthocyanidin + NAD(P)H
enzyme of flavonoid pathway involved in the biosynthesis of condensed tannins
654366
Medicago truncatula
2,3-cis-flavan-3-ol + NAD(P)+
-
-
-
?
cyanidin + NADPH
-
654366
Arabidopsis thaliana
(-)-epicatechin + NAD(P)+
-
-
-
?
cyanidin + NADPH
preference of anthocyanidin substrates in decreasing order: cyanidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin
654366
Medicago truncatula
(-)-epicatechin + NAD(P)+
-
-
-
?
delphinidin + 2 NADPH + H+
-
654366
Arabidopsis thaliana
(-)-epigallocatechin + 2 NADP+
-
-
-
?
delphinidin + 2 NADPH + H+
preference of anthocyanidin substrates in decreasing order: cyanidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin
654366
Medicago truncatula
(-)-epigallocatechin + 2 NADP+
-
-
-
?
pelargonidin + 2 NADPH + H+
-
654366
Arabidopsis thaliana
(-)-epiafzelechin + 2 NADP+
-
-
-
?
pelargonidin + 2 NADPH + H+
preference of anthocyanidin substrates in decreasing order: cyanidin, pelargonidin and delphinidin
654366
Medicago truncatula
(-)-epiafzelechin + 2 NADP+
-
-
-
?
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
45
-
-
Medicago truncatula
55
-
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
Turnover Number Minimum [1/s]
Turnover Number Maximum [1/s]
Substrate
Commentary
Organism
Structure
0.058
-
delphinidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
0.18
-
cyanidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
1.045
-
cyanidin
pH 8.0
Arabidopsis thaliana
1.34
-
delphinidin
pH 6.0
Medicago truncatula
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
5.5
-
in 50 mM citrate/phosphate buffer
Medicago truncatula
6
-
in 50 mM MES buffer
Medicago truncatula
8
-
-
Arabidopsis thaliana
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Minimum
pH Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7
8.9
pH 7.0: about 40% of maximal activity, pH 8.9: about 90% of maximal activity
Arabidopsis thaliana
Other publictions for EC 1.3.1.77
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
743899
Kumar
Pyramiding of tea dihydroflav ...
Camellia sinensis
3 Biotech
7
177
2017
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
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-
-
2
-
6
-
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1
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2
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2
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2
2
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2
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2
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2
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2
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1
2
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-
-
745822
Zhao
Metabolic characterization of ...
Camellia sinensis
Molecules
22
2241
2017
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1
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2
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1
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1
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3
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1
1
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745825
Zhao
Metabolic characterization of ...
Camellia sinensis
Molecules
22
E2241
2017
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1
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2
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4
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1
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2
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1
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3
-
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-
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-
-
1
1
-
-
-
745634
Matsui
Isolation and characterizatio ...
Fagopyrum esculentum
J. Plant Physiol.
205
41-47
2016
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
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1
-
1
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8
-
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1
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1
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1
-
-
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8
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
745869
Liu
A role for leucoanthocyanidin ...
Medicago truncatula, Medicago truncatula ecotype R108
Nat. Plants
2
16182
2016
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
2
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
1
1
1
-
-
746143
Luo
Overexpression of Rosa rugosa ...
Rosa rugosa
Plant Sci.
245
35-49
2016
-
-
1
-
-
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-
-
-
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1
-
4
-
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1
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1
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1
1
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1
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1
-
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-
-
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-
-
-
2
2
-
-
-
744993
Liao
Molecular characterization of ...
Malus asiatica, Malus asiatica Nakai, Malus domestica, Malus prunifolia, Malus sikkimensis
Front. Plant Sci.
6
243
2015
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
6
-
-
-
-
-
12
-
-
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5
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15
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
12
15
-
-
-
745994
Kosonen
Decreased anthocyanidin reduc ...
Betula pendula
Physiol. Plant.
155
384-399
2015
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
3
-
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-
-
-
2
-
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1
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1
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1
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1
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2
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1
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-
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-
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2
2
-
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-
746154
Zhu
Functional characterization o ...
Gossypium hirsutum
Planta
241
1075-1089
2015
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
3
-
1
-
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1
-
-
6
-
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3
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1
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1
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1
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1
1
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1
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3
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1
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6
-
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3
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1
-
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1
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1
1
-
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-
739382
Zhu
Molecular cloning and function ...
Vitis bellula
Planta
240
381-398
2014
-
-
1
-
-
-
1
5
1
-
1
-
-
4
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
1
1
-
-
3
1
-
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2
-
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1
2
-
-
-
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1
-
5
1
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1
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-
-
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4
1
1
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3
1
-
-
-
-
1
1
-
3
3
744063
Thirugnanasambantham
Molecular cloning, computatio ...
Camellia sinensis
Appl. Biochem. Biotechnol.
174
130-145
2014
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
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3
-
2
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2
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4
2
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1
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1
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1
1
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3
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2
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4
2
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1
-
2
2
-
-
-
746152
Zhu
Molecular cloning and functio ...
Vitis bellula
Planta
240
381-398
2014
-
-
1
-
1
-
1
6
-
-
-
3
-
4
-
-
1
-
-
1
-
-
8
1
1
1
-
3
1
1
-
3
-
-
-
-
-
1
3
-
1
-
-
1
-
6
-
-
-
3
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
8
1
1
1
-
3
1
1
-
-
-
2
2
-
3
3
746499
Kim
Transcripts of anthocyanidin ...
Fagopyrum tataricum
ScientificWorldJournal
2014
726567
2014
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
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1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
1
-
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
2
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
9
-
-
1
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
1
-
2
2
-
-
-
726229
Pang
Functional characterization of ...
Camellia sinensis
Plant Physiol.
161
1103-1116
2013
-
-
1
-
-
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-
8
-
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1
-
-
5
-
-
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1
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3
-
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4
1
-
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1
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1
1
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-
-
-
-
-
8
-
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1
-
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-
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1
-
-
3
-
-
-
-
4
1
-
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-
-
1
1
-
-
-
726337
Wang
Isolation and characterization ...
Populus trichocarpa
PLoS ONE
8
e64664
2013
-
-
1
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
-
4
-
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-
4
-
-
-
-
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-
-
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-
-
-
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-
1
-
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-
-
-
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-
-
4
-
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