BRENDA - Enzyme Database show
show all sequences of 1.14.11.8

Evidence that trimethyllysine hydroxylase catalyzes the formation of (2S,3S)-3-hydroxy-N(epsilon)-trimethyllysine

Reddy, Y.V.; Al Temimi, A.H.; White, P.B.; Mecinovi?, J.; Org. Lett. 19, 400-403 (2017)

Data extracted from this reference:

Localization
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
mitochondrion
-
Homo sapiens
5739
-
Metals/Ions
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Fe2+
dependent on, required for catalysis
Homo sapiens
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2
Homo sapiens
-
(3S)-3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2
-
-
?
Organism
Organism
Primary Accession No. (UniProt)
Commentary
Textmining
Homo sapiens
Q9NVH6
-
-
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2
-
745961
Homo sapiens
(3S)-3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2
-
-
-
?
N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2
the enzymatic hydroxylation occurs at the C-3 site of (2S)-Nepsilon-trimethyllysine substrate. Comparative NMR spectroscopic studies (with two enantiopure synthetic standards that possess 3R and 3S stereochemistry) on the enzymatically produced (2S)-3-hydroxy-Nepsilon-trimethyllysine reveal that TMLH exclusively catalyzes the formation of (3S)-3-hydroxy-Nepsilon-trimethyl-L-lysine, not forming any (3R)-3-hydroxy-Nepsilon-trimethyl-L-lysine diastereoisomer
745961
Homo sapiens
(3S)-3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2
-
-
-
?
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
37
-
assay at
Homo sapiens
pH Optimum
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7.5
-
assay at
Homo sapiens
Localization (protein specific)
Localization
Commentary
Organism
GeneOntology No.
Textmining
mitochondrion
-
Homo sapiens
5739
-
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Metals/Ions
Commentary
Organism
Structure
Fe2+
dependent on, required for catalysis
Homo sapiens
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Natural Substrates
Organism
Commentary (Nat. Sub.)
Natural Products
Commentary (Nat. Pro.)
Organism (Nat. Pro.)
Reversibility
N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2
Homo sapiens
-
(3S)-3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2
-
-
?
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Substrates
Commentary Substrates
Literature (Substrates)
Organism
Products
Commentary (Products)
Literature (Products)
Organism (Products)
Reversibility
N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2
-
745961
Homo sapiens
(3S)-3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2
-
-
-
?
N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + 2-oxoglutarate + O2
the enzymatic hydroxylation occurs at the C-3 site of (2S)-Nepsilon-trimethyllysine substrate. Comparative NMR spectroscopic studies (with two enantiopure synthetic standards that possess 3R and 3S stereochemistry) on the enzymatically produced (2S)-3-hydroxy-Nepsilon-trimethyllysine reveal that TMLH exclusively catalyzes the formation of (3S)-3-hydroxy-Nepsilon-trimethyl-L-lysine, not forming any (3R)-3-hydroxy-Nepsilon-trimethyl-L-lysine diastereoisomer
745961
Homo sapiens
(3S)-3-hydroxy-N6,N6,N6-trimethyl-L-lysine + succinate + CO2
-
-
-
?
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Optimum Maximum [°C]
Commentary
Organism
37
-
assay at
Homo sapiens
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Optimum Minimum
pH Optimum Maximum
Commentary
Organism
7.5
-
assay at
Homo sapiens
General Information
General Information
Commentary
Organism
evolution
the enzyme belongs to the family of 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)-dependent oxygenases. Members of Fe(II) and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases catalyze stereoselective hydroxylations of unactivated C-H bonds in various (bio)molecules, including proteins, DNA, and small molecule metabolites
Homo sapiens
metabolism
trimethyllysine hydroxylase (TMLH) is involved in the first step of the physiologically important carnitine biosynthesis pathway. The enzyme catalyzes C-3 hydroxylation of (2S)-Nepsilon-L-trimethyllysine, to produce 3-hydroxy-Nepsilon-L-trimethyllysine, which then undergoes three additional enzymatic steps to the final L-carnitine
Homo sapiens
General Information (protein specific)
General Information
Commentary
Organism
evolution
the enzyme belongs to the family of 2-oxoglutarate (2OG)-dependent oxygenases. Members of Fe(II) and 2-oxoglutarate-dependent oxygenases catalyze stereoselective hydroxylations of unactivated C-H bonds in various (bio)molecules, including proteins, DNA, and small molecule metabolites
Homo sapiens
metabolism
trimethyllysine hydroxylase (TMLH) is involved in the first step of the physiologically important carnitine biosynthesis pathway. The enzyme catalyzes C-3 hydroxylation of (2S)-Nepsilon-L-trimethyllysine, to produce 3-hydroxy-Nepsilon-L-trimethyllysine, which then undergoes three additional enzymatic steps to the final L-carnitine
Homo sapiens
Other publictions for EC 1.14.11.8
No.
1st author
Pub Med
title
organims
journal
volume
pages
year
Activating Compound
Application
Cloned(Commentary)
Crystallization (Commentary)
Engineering
General Stability
Inhibitors
KM Value [mM]
Localization
Metals/Ions
Molecular Weight [Da]
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates)
Organic Solvent Stability
Organism
Oxidation Stability
Posttranslational Modification
Purification (Commentary)
Reaction
Renatured (Commentary)
Source Tissue
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg]
Storage Stability
Substrates and Products (Substrate)
Subunits
Temperature Optimum [°C]
Temperature Range [°C]
Temperature Stability [°C]
Turnover Number [1/s]
pH Optimum
pH Range
pH Stability
Cofactor
Ki Value [mM]
pI Value
IC50 Value
Activating Compound (protein specific)
Application (protein specific)
Cloned(Commentary) (protein specific)
Cofactor (protein specific)
Crystallization (Commentary) (protein specific)
Engineering (protein specific)
General Stability (protein specific)
IC50 Value (protein specific)
Inhibitors (protein specific)
Ki Value [mM] (protein specific)
KM Value [mM] (protein specific)
Localization (protein specific)
Metals/Ions (protein specific)
Molecular Weight [Da] (protein specific)
Natural Substrates/ Products (Substrates) (protein specific)
Organic Solvent Stability (protein specific)
Oxidation Stability (protein specific)
Posttranslational Modification (protein specific)
Purification (Commentary) (protein specific)
Renatured (Commentary) (protein specific)
Source Tissue (protein specific)
Specific Activity [micromol/min/mg] (protein specific)
Storage Stability (protein specific)
Substrates and Products (Substrate) (protein specific)
Subunits (protein specific)
Temperature Optimum [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Range [°C] (protein specific)
Temperature Stability [°C] (protein specific)
Turnover Number [1/s] (protein specific)
pH Optimum (protein specific)
pH Range (protein specific)
pH Stability (protein specific)
pI Value (protein specific)
Expression
General Information
General Information (protein specific)
Expression (protein specific)
KCat/KM [mM/s]
KCat/KM [mM/s] (protein specific)
744681
Lesniak
Human carnitine biosynthesis ...
Homo sapiens
Chem. Commun. (Camb.)
53
440-442
2017
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745958
Vijayendar Reddy
Fluorinated trimethyllysine a ...
Homo sapiens
Org. Biomol. Chem.
15
1350-1354
2017
1
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2
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745961
Reddy
Evidence that trimethyllysine ...
Homo sapiens
Org. Lett.
19
400-403
2017
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2
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744678
Al Temimi
Substrate scope for trimethyl ...
Homo sapiens
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2016
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Submitochondrial localization ...
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van Vlies
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Mus musculus, Rattus norvegicus
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8
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675029
Monfregola
Functional analysis of TMLH va ...
Homo sapiens, Mus musculus
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4
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2
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2
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13
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2
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4
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13
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2
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651370
Swiegers
Carnitine biosynthesis in neur ...
Neurospora crassa
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