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Information on EC 6.3.4.21 - nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase

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EC Tree
     6 Ligases
         6.3 Forming carbon-nitrogen bonds
             6.3.4 Other carbon-nitrogen ligases
                6.3.4.21 nicotinate phosphoribosyltransferase
IUBMB Comments
The enzyme, which is involved in pyridine nucleotide recycling, can form beta-nicotinate D-ribonucleotide and diphosphate from nicotinate and 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate (PRPP) in the absence of ATP. However, when ATP is available the enzyme is phosphorylated resulting in a much lower Km for nicotinate. The phospho-enzyme is hydrolysed during the transferase reaction, regenerating the low affinity form. The presence of ATP shifts the products/substrates equilibrium from 0.67 to 1100 .
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota, Archaea
Synonyms
naprtase, nicotinic acid phosphoribosyltransferase, naprt1, na phosphoribosyltransferase, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
nicotinate + 5-phospho-alpha-D-ribose 1-diphosphate + ATP + H2O = beta-nicotinate D-ribonucleotide + diphosphate + ADP + phosphate
show the reaction diagram
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