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Information on EC 4.2.1.1 - carbonic anhydrase

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EC Tree
     4 Lyases
         4.2 Carbon-oxygen lyases
             4.2.1 Hydro-lyases
                4.2.1.1 carbonic anhydrase
IUBMB Comments
The enzyme catalyses the reversible hydration of gaseous CO2 to carbonic acid, which dissociates to give hydrogencarbonate above neutral pH. It is widespread and found in archaea, bacteria, and eukaryotes. Three distinct classes exist, and appear to have evolved independently. Contains zinc.
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria, Archaea
Reaction Schemes
Synonyms
ca ix, ca ii, carbonic anhydrase ii, hca ii, carbonic anhydrase ix, hca i, ca iv, hc ii, anhydrase, caiii, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
H2CO3 = CO2 + H2O
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