Information on EC - allophanate hydrolase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC3.5.1.54
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EC Tree
IUBMB Comments
Along with EC (cyanuric acid amidohydrolase) and EC (biuret amidohydrolase), this enzyme forms part of the cyanuric-acid metabolism pathway, which degrades s-triazide herbicides, such as atrazine [2-chloro-4-(ethylamino)-6-(isopropylamino)-1,3,5-triazine], in bacteria. The yeast enzyme (but not that from green algae) also catalyses the reaction of EC, urea carboxylase, thus bringing about the hydrolysis of urea to CO2 and NH3 in the presence of ATP and bicarbonate. The enzyme from Pseudomonas sp. strain ADP has a narrow substrate specificity, being unable to use the structurally analogous compounds urea, hydroxyurea or methylcarbamate as substrate .
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota, Archaea
Reaction Schemes
allophanate hydrolase, allophanate lyase, more
urea-1-carboxylate + H2O = 2 CO2 + 2 NH3
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