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Information on EC - L-peptidase

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC3.4.22.46
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EC Tree
     3 Hydrolases
         3.4 Acting on peptide bonds (peptidases)
             3.4.22 Cysteine endopeptidases
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
3C protease, 3Cpro, Eukaryotic signal peptidase, Eukaryotic signal proteinase, FMDV 3Cpro, foot-and-mouth disease virus 3C protease, L protein, L proteinase, Lab protein, Lb proC, more
autocatalytically cleaves itself from the polyprotein of the foot-and-mouth disease virus by hydrolysis of a Lys-/-Gly bond, but then cleaves host cell initiation factor eIF-4G at bonds -Gly-/-Arg- and -Lys-/-Arg-
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Best known from foot-and-mouth disease virus, but occurs in other aphthoviruses and cardioviruses. Destruction of initiation factor eIF-4G has the effect of shutting off host-cell protein synthesis while allowing synthesis of viral proteins to continue. The tertiary structure reveals a distant relationship to papain and, consistent with this, compound E-64 is inhibitory. Type example of peptidase family C28
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