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Information on EC 3.2.1.14 - chitinase

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EC Tree
     3 Hydrolases
         3.2 Glycosylases
             3.2.1 Glycosidases, i.e. enzymes that hydrolyse O- and S-glycosyl compounds
                3.2.1.14 chitinase
IUBMB Comments
The enzyme binds to chitin and randomly cleaves glycosidic linkages in chitin and chitodextrins in a non-processive mode, generating chitooligosaccharides and free ends on which exo-chitinases and exo-chitodextrinases can act. Activity is greatly stimulated in the presence of EC 1.14.99.53, lytic chitin monoxygenase, which attacks the crystalline structure of chitin and makes the polymer more accesible to the chitinase. cf. EC 3.2.1.202, endo-chitodextrinase.
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Word Map
The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Synonyms
chitinase, chitotriosidase, endochitinase, antifreeze protein, chit1, amcase, chitinase a, exochitinase, acidic mammalian chitinase, class i chitinase, more