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Information on EC 1.3.8.9 - very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase

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IUBMB Comments
Contains FAD as prosthetic group. One of several enzymes that catalyse the first step in fatty acids beta-oxidation. The enzyme is most active toward long-chain acyl-CoAs such as C14, C16 and C18, but is also active with very-long-chain acyl-CoAs up to 24 carbons. It shows no activity for substrates of less than 12 carbons. Its specific activity towards palmitoyl-CoA is more than 10-fold that of the long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase . cf. EC 1.3.8.1, short-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, EC 1.3.8.7, medium-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, and EC 1.3.8.8, long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase.
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Synonyms
ACADVL, acyl-CoA:(acceptor) 2,3-oxidoreductase, MCAD, very long chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, very long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, very-long-chain acyl-CoA dehydrogenase, VLCAD, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
a very-long-chain acyl-CoA + electron-transfer flavoprotein = a very-long-chain trans-2,3-dehydroacyl-CoA + reduced electron-transfer flavoprotein
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