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Information on EC 1.3.1.76 - precorrin-2 dehydrogenase

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IUBMB Comments
This enzyme catalyses the second of three steps leading to the formation of siroheme from uroporphyrinogen III. The first step involves the donation of two S-adenosyl-L-methionine-derived methyl groups to carbons 2 and 7 of uroporphyrinogen III to form precorrin-2 (EC 2.1.1.107, uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase) and the third step involves the chelation of ferrous iron to sirohydrochlorin to form siroheme (EC 4.99.1.4, sirohydrochlorin ferrochelatase). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the last two steps are carried out by a single bifunctional enzyme, Met8p. In some bacteria, steps 1-3 are catalysed by a single multifunctional protein called CysG, whereas in Bacillus megaterium, three separate enzymes carry out each of the steps, with SirC being responsible for the above reaction.
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota
Synonyms
met8p, cysg enzyme, cysg gene product, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
precorrin-2 + NAD+ = sirohydrochlorin + NADH + H+
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first step; This enzyme catalyses the second of three steps leading to the formation of siroheme from uroporphyrinogen III. The first step involves the donation of two S-adenosyl-L-methionine-derived methyl groups to carbons 2 and 7 of uroporphyrinogen III to form precorrin-2 (EC 2.1.1.107, uroporphyrin-III C-methyltransferase) and the third step involves the chelation of ferrous iron to sirohydrochlorin to form siroheme (EC 4.99.1.4, sirohydrochlorin ferrochelatase). In Saccharomyces cerevisiae, the last two steps are carried out by a single bifunctional enzyme, Met8p. In some bacteria, steps 1-3 are catalysed by a single multifunctional protein called CysG, whereas in Bacillus megaterium, three separate enzymes carry out each of the steps, with SirC being responsible for the above reaction
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