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Information on EC - pyruvate dehydrogenase system

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.2.1.104
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IUBMB Comments
The pyruvate dehydrogenase system (PDH) is a large enzyme complex that belongs to the 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase system family, which also includes EC, branched-chain alpha-keto acid dehydrogenase system, EC, 2-oxoglutarate dehydrogenase system, EC, glycine cleavage system, and EC, acetoin dehydrogenase system. With the exception of the glycine cleavage system, which contains 4 components, the 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase systems share a common structure, consisting of three main components, namely a 2-oxoacid dehydrogenase (E1), a dihydrolipoamide acyltransferase (E2), and a dihydrolipoamide dehydrogenase (E3). The reaction catalysed by this system is the sum of three activities: EC, pyruvate dehydrogenase (acetyl-transferring) (E1), EC, dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase (E2), and EC, dihydrolipoyl dehydrogenase (E3). The mammalian system also includes E3 binding protein, which is involved in the interaction between the E2 and E3 subunits.
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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Bacteria, Eukaryota
aceE, AceF, At1g54220, At3g13930, At3g52200, dihydrolipoamide acetyltransferase, DLAT, DLD, DLST, E1 component of pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, more
pyruvate + CoA + NAD+ = acetyl-CoA + CO2 + NADH
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pyruvate + [dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] lipoyllysine = [dihydrolipoyllysine-residue acetyltransferase] S-acetyldihydrolipoyllysine + CO2
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