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Information on EC 1.14.19.33 - DELTA12 acyl-lipid conjugase (11E,13E-forming)

for references in articles please use BRENDA:EC1.14.19.33
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IUBMB Comments
The enzyme, characterized from the plants Impatiens balsamina, Momordica charantia (bitter gourd) and Vernicia fordii (tung tree), converts a single cis double bond at carbon 12 to two conjugated trans bonds at positions 11 and 13. The enzyme from Vernicia fordii can also act as a 12(E) desaturase when acting on the monounsaturated fatty acids oleate and palmitoleate. cf. EC 1.14.19.16, linoleoyl-lipid Delta12 conjugase (11E,13Z-forming).
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The enzyme appears in viruses and cellular organisms
Synonyms
DELTA12 desaturase, DELTA12 oleate desaturase, FADX, FADX-1A, FADX-1B, FADX-2, fatty acid DELTA12-conjugase, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
a gamma-linolenoyl-[glycerolipid] + 2 ferrocytochrome b5 + O2 + 2 H+ = an alpha-parinaroyl-[glycerolipid] + 2 ferricytochrome b5 + 2 H2O
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a linoleoyl-[glycerolipid] + 2 ferrocytochrome b5 + O2 + 2 H+ = an alpha-eleostearoyl-[glycerolipid] + 2 ferricytochrome b5 + 2 H2O
show the reaction diagram
PATHWAY SOURCE
PATHWAYS
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