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Information on EC 1.14.15.15 - cholestanetriol 26-monooxygenase

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IUBMB Comments
This mitochondrial cytochrome P-450 enzyme requires adrenodoxin. It catalyses the first three sterol side chain oxidations in bile acid biosynthesis via the neutral (classic) pathway. Can also act on cholesterol, cholest-5-ene-3beta,7alpha-diol, 7alpha-hydroxycholest-4-en-3-one, and 5beta-cholestane-3alpha,7alpha-diol. The enzyme can also hydroxylate cholesterol at positions 24 and 25. The initial source of the electrons is NADPH, which transfers the electrons to the adrenodoxin via EC 1.18.1.6, adrenodoxin-NADP+ reductase.
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Word Map
The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Eukaryota, Bacteria
Reaction Schemes
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Synonyms
sterol 27-hydroxylase, cyp27, vitamin d3 25-hydroxylase, cyp27a, cytochrome p-450a, p450 27a1, cytochrome p450c27, 5beta-cholestane-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-triol hydroxylase, more
REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
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UNIPROT
LITERATURE
(25R)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholestan-26-al + 2 reduced adrenodoxin + 2 H+ + O2 = (25R)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholestan-26-oate + 2 oxidized adrenodoxin + H2O
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1c
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(25R)-5beta-cholestane-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,26-tetraol + 2 reduced adrenodoxin + 2 H+ + O2 = (25R)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholestan-26-al + 2 oxidized adrenodoxin + 2 H2O
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1b
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5beta-cholestane-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-triol + 2 reduced adrenodoxin + 2 H+ + O2 = (25R)-5beta-cholestane-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha,26-tetraol + 2 oxidized adrenodoxin + H2O
show the reaction diagram
1a
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5beta-cholestane-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-triol + 6 reduced adrenodoxin + 6 H+ + 3 O2 = (25R)-3alpha,7alpha,12alpha-trihydroxy-5beta-cholestan-26-oate + 6 oxidized adrenodoxin + 4 H2O
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