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EC 1.1.99.31 Details
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EC number
1.1.99.31
Accepted name
(S)-mandelate dehydrogenase
Reaction
(S)-mandelate + acceptor = phenylglyoxylate + reduced acceptor
Other name(s)
MDH
Systematic name
(S)-mandelate:acceptor 2-oxidoreductase
CAS registry number
9067-95-2
Comment
This enzyme is a member of the FMN-dependent α-hydroxy-acid oxidase/dehydrogenase family [1]. While all enzymes of this family oxidize the (S)-enantiomer of an α-hydroxy acid to an α-oxo acid, the ultimate oxidant (oxygen, intramolecular heme or some other acceptor) depends on the particular enzyme. This enzyme transfers the electron pair from FMNH2 to a component of the electron transport chain, most probably ubiquinone [1,2]. It is part of a metabolic pathway in Pseudomonads that allows these organisms to utilize mandelic acid, derivatized from the common soil metabolite amygdalin, as the sole source of carbon and energy [2]. The enzyme has a large active-site pocket and preferentially binds substrates with longer sidechains, e.g. 2-hydroxyoctanoate rather than 2-hydroxybutyrate [1]. It also prefers substrates that, like (S)-mandelate, have β unsaturation, e.g. (indol-3-yl)glycolate compared with (indol-3-yl)lactate [1]. Esters of mandelate, such as methyl (S)-mandelate, are also substrates [3].
History
created 2006
EC Browser
1 Oxidoreductases (9651 organisms) download 3869963 sequences with EC number 1 in fasta format download 3869963 sequences with EC number 1 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 1) as tabstop separated file
1.1.99.15 created 1978, deleted 1980 show the reaction
1.1.99.17 created 1982, deleted 2003 show the reaction
1.21.1. undefined (18 organisms)
2 Transferases (6622 organisms) download 6047191 sequences with EC number 2 in fasta format download 6047191 sequences with EC number 2 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 2) as tabstop separated file
3 Hydrolases (10604 organisms) download 3219244 sequences with EC number 3 in fasta format download 3219244 sequences with EC number 3 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 3) as tabstop separated file
4 Lyases (5111 organisms) download 1852335 sequences with EC number 4 in fasta format download 1852335 sequences with EC number 4 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 4) as tabstop separated file
5 Isomerases (2083 organisms) download 1146532 sequences with EC number 5 in fasta format download 1146532 sequences with EC number 5 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 5) as tabstop separated file
6 Ligases (1547 organisms) download 1713431 sequences with EC number 6 in fasta format download 1713431 sequences with EC number 6 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 6) as tabstop separated file
7 Translocases (966 organisms) download 592568 sequences with EC number 7 in fasta format download 592568 sequences with EC number 7 as tabstop The data in BRENDA allow the calculation or simulation of metabolic pathways by extracting the information of substrate/product chains and the corresponding kinetic data of the preceding and following enzymes in the Boehringer and KEGG metabolism (with the risk of including ?pathways? with non-natural compounds). version Download 2822 PDB numbers (EC 7) as tabstop separated file