6.1.1.14: glycine-tRNA ligase

This is an abbreviated version!
For detailed information about glycine-tRNA ligase, go to the full flat file.

Word Map on EC 6.1.1.14

Reaction

ATP
+
glycine
+
tRNAGly
=
AMP
+
diphosphate
+
glycyl-tRNAGly

Synonyms

Glycyl-tRNA synthetase, Synthetase, glycyl-transfer ribonucleate, Glycyl-transfer ribonucleate synthetase, Glycyl-transfer RNA synthetase, Glycyl-transfer ribonucleic acid synthetase, Glycyl translase, GlyRS, More, Glycine--tRNA ligase, GARS, glycyl-tRNA synthetase 1, GRS1, GlyRS2, GlyRS1, glycyl tRNA synthetase

ECTree

     6 Ligases
         6.1 Forming carbon-oxygen bonds
             6.1.1 Ligases forming aminoacyl-tRNA and related compounds
                6.1.1.14 glycine-tRNA ligase

Application

Application on EC 6.1.1.14 - glycine-tRNA ligase

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APPLICATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
medicine
molecular biology
-
translation of mRNA for yeast glycyl-tRNA synthetase is alternatively initiated from UUG and a downstream AUG initiation codon. Unlike an AUG initiation codon, efficiency of this non-AUG initiation codon is significantly affected by its sequence context, in particular the nucleotides at positions -3 to -1 relative to the initiation codon. A/A/R (R: A or G) and C/G/C appear to be the most and least favorable sequences at these positions, respectively. Mutation of the native context sequence -3 to -1 from AAA to CGC reduce translation initiation from the UUG codon up to 32fold and resulted in loss of mitochondrial respiration