1.3.5.5: 15-cis-phytoene desaturase

This is an abbreviated version!
For detailed information about 15-cis-phytoene desaturase, go to the full flat file.

Reaction

15,9'-dicis-phytofluene
+
plastoquinone
=
9,15,9'-tricis-zeta-carotene
+
plastoquinol

Synonyms

BoPDS, CitPDS1, CrtP, PDS, PDS1, PDS3

ECTree

     1 Oxidoreductases
         1.3 Acting on the CH-CH group of donors
             1.3.5 With a quinone or related compound as acceptor
                1.3.5.5 15-cis-phytoene desaturase

Reference

Reference on EC 1.3.5.5 - 15-cis-phytoene desaturase

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REF.
AUTHORS
TITLE
JOURNAL
VOL.
PAGES
YEAR
ORGANISM (UNIPROT)
PUBMED ID
SOURCE
Mayer, M.P.; Beyer, P.; Kleinig, H.
Quinone compounds are able to replace molecular oxygen as terminal electron acceptor in phytoene desaturation in chromoplasts of Narcissus pseudonarcissus L.
Eur. J. Biochem.
191
359-363
1990
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Matthews, P.D.; Luo, R.; Wurtzel, E.T.
Maize phytoene desaturase and zeta-carotene desaturase catalyse a poly-Z desaturation pathway: implications for genetic engineering of carotenoid content among cereal crops
J. Exp. Bot.
54
2215-2230
2003
Zea mays (P49086)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Breitenbach, J.; Sandmann, G.
zeta-Carotene cis isomers as products and substrates in the plant poly-cis carotenoid biosynthetic pathway to lycopene
Planta
220
785-793
2005
Capsicum annuum
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Steinbrenner, J.; Sandmann, G.
Transformation of the green alga Haematococcus pluvialis with a phytoene desaturase for accelerated astaxanthin biosynthesis
Appl. Environ. Microbiol.
72
7477-7484
2006
Haematococcus lacustris
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Kita, M.; Komatsu, A.; Omura, M.; Yano, M.; Ikoma, Y.; Moriguchi, T.
Cloning and expression of CitPDS1, a gene encoding phytoene desaturase in citrus
Biosci. Biotechnol. Biochem.
65
1424-1428
2001
Citrus unshiu (Q7GCA8)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Qin, G.; Gu, H.; Ma, L.; Peng, Y.; Deng, X.W.; Chen, Z.; Qu, L.J.
Disruption of phytoene desaturase gene results in albino and dwarf phenotypes in Arabidopsis by impairing chlorophyll, carotenoid, and gibberellin biosynthesis
Cell Res.
17
471-482
2007
Arabidopsis thaliana (Q07356)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Nievelstein, V.; Vandekerchove, J.; Tadros, M.H.; Lintig, J.V.; Nitschke, W.; Beyer, P.
Carotene desaturation is linked to a respiratory redox pathway in Narcissus pseudonarcissus chromoplast membranes. Involvement of a 23-kDa oxygen-evolving-complex-like protein
Eur. J. Biochem.
233
864-872
1995
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Sandmann, G.; Mitchell, G.
In vitro inhibition studies of phytoene desaturase by bleaching ketomorpholine derivatives
J. Agric. Food Chem.
49
138-141
2001
Synechococcus sp.
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Breitenbach, J.; Zhu, C.; Sandmann, G.
Bleaching herbicide norflurazon inhibits phytoene desaturase by competition with the cofactors
J. Agric. Food Chem.
49
5270-5272
2001
Synechococcus sp., Gentiana lutea
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Ohki, S.; Miller-Sulger, R.; Wakabayashi, K.; Pfleiderer, W.; Böger, P.
Phytoene desaturase inhibition by O-(2-phenoxy)ethyl-N-aralkylcarbamates
J. Agric. Food Chem.
51
3049-3055
2003
Synechococcus elongatus PCC 7942 = FACHB-805
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Zhu, Y.H.; Jiang, J.G.; Yan, Y.; Chen, X.W.
Isolation and characterization of phytoene desaturase cDNA involved in the beta-carotene biosynthetic pathway in Dunaliella salina
J. Agric. Food Chem.
53
5593-5597
2005
Dunaliella salina (Q3ZDQ0)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Cong, L.; Wang, C.; Li, Z.; Chen, L.; Yang, G.; Wang, Y.; He, G.
cDNA cloning and expression analysis of wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) phytoene and zeta-carotene desaturase genes
Mol. Biol. Rep.
37
3351-3361
2010
Triticum aestivum (B8YDB8)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Bennoun, P.
The present model for chlororespiration
Photosynth. Res.
73
273-277
2002
Embryophyta, Rhodophyta
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Lopez, A.B.; Yang, Y.; Thannhauser, T.W.; Li, L.
Phytoene desaturase is present in a large protein complex in the plastid membrane
Physiol. Plant.
133
190-198
2008
Brassica oleracea (B2X8P6)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Arias, R.S.; Dayan, F.E., Michel, A.; Howell, J.; Scheffler, B.E.
Characterization of a higher plant herbicide-resistant phytoene desaturase and its use as a selectable marker
Plant Biotechnol. J.
4
263-273
2006
Hydrilla verticillata
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Norris, S.R.; Barrette, T.R.; DellaPenna, D.
Genetic dissection of carotenoid synthesis in arabidopsis defines plastoquinone as an essential component of phytoene desaturation
Plant Cell
7
2139-2149
1995
Arabidopsis thaliana
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Al-Babili, S.; von Lintig, J.; Haubruck, H.; Beyer, P.
A novel, soluble form of phytoene desaturase from Narcissus pseudonarcissus chromoplasts is Hsp70-complexed and competent for flavinylation, membrane association and enzymatic activation
Plant J.
9
601-612
1996
Narcissus pseudonarcissus
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Li, Z.H.; Matthews, P.D.; Burr, B.; Wurtzel, E.T.
Cloning and characterization of a maize cDNA encoding phytoene desaturase, an enzyme of the carotenoid biosynthetic pathway
Plant Mol. Biol.
30
269-279
1996
Zea mays (P49086)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Wetzel, C.M.; Rodermel, S.R.
Regulation of phytoene desaturase expression is independent of leaf pigment content in Arabidopsis thaliana
Plant Mol. Biol.
37
1045-1053
1998
Arabidopsis thaliana
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Grünewald, K.; Eckert, M.; Hirschberg, J.; Hagen, C.
Phytoene desaturase is localized exclusively in the chloroplast and up-regulated at the mRNA level during accumulation of secondary carotenoids in Haematococcus pluvialis (Volvocales, chlorophyceae)
Plant Physiol.
122
1261-1268
2000
Haematococcus lacustris
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Alferez, F.; Pozo, L.; Rouseff, R.; Burns, J.
Modification of carotenoid levels by abscission agents and expression of carotenoid biosynthetic genes in Valencia sweet orange
J. Agric. Food Chem.
61
3082-3089
2013
Citrus sinensis, Citrus sinensis L. Osbeck
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Fantini, E.; Falcone, G.; Frusciante, S.; Giliberto, L.; Giuliano, G.
Dissection of tomato lycopene biosynthesis through virus-induced gene silencing
Plant Physiol.
163
986-998
2013
Solanum lycopersicum (P28554)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Gemmecker, S.; Schaub, P.; Koschmieder, J.; Brausemann, A.; Drepper, F.; Rodriguez-Franco, M.; Ghisla, S.; Warscheid, B.; Einsle, O.; Beyer, P.
Phytoene desaturase from Oryza sativa oligomeric assembly, membrane association and preliminary 3D-analysis
PLoS ONE
10
e0131717
2015
Oryza sativa Indica Group (A2XDA1)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
Sandmann, G.; Mautz, J.; Breitenbach, J.
Control of light-dependent keto carotenoid biosynthesis in Nostoc 7120 by the transcription factor NtcA
Z. Naturforsch. C
71
303-311
2016
Nostoc sp. PCC 7120 = FACHB-418 (Q9R6X5)
Manually annotated by BRENDA team