1.3.1.77: anthocyanidin reductase [(2R,3R)-flavan-3-ol-forming]

This is an abbreviated version!
For detailed information about anthocyanidin reductase [(2R,3R)-flavan-3-ol-forming], go to the full flat file.

Word Map on EC 1.3.1.77

Reaction

a (2R,3R)-flavan-3-ol
+ 2 NAD(P)+ =
an anthocyanidin with a 3-hydroxy group
+ 2 NAD(P)H +
H+

Synonyms

AtANR, MtANR, ANR, anthocyanidin reductase, BAN, BANYULS, dihydroflavonol 4-reductase-like protein, BEN1, PtrANR1, CsANR, ANR1, ANR2, CsANR1, CsANR2, MdLAR1, FeANR, BpANR, RrANR, VbANR, GhANR1, anthocyanidin reductase 1, anthocyanidin reductase 2, ANR2a, ANRa, CssANRa, ANRb, CssANRb

ECTree

     1 Oxidoreductases
         1.3 Acting on the CH-CH group of donors
             1.3.1 With NAD+ or NADP+ as acceptor
                1.3.1.77 anthocyanidin reductase [(2R,3R)-flavan-3-ol-forming]

Expression

Expression on EC 1.3.1.77 - anthocyanidin reductase [(2R,3R)-flavan-3-ol-forming]

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EXPRESSION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
abscisic acid decreases ANR activity and represses the expression a few days after application
-
expression of anthocyanidin reductase is down-regulated in response to drought, abscisic acid and gibberellic acid
expression of anthocyanidin reductase is up-regulated in response to wounding
gene expression and enzymatic activity are higher in the developping leaves than in the mature leaves and lower than in the tender bud and first leaves
-
overexpression of the myeloblastosis (MYB)14 or MYB5 transcription factors induces proanthocyanidin biosynthesis in hairy roots, ANR is highly induced in MYB5 overexpressing hairy roots