Information on EC 1.14.11.50 - (-)-deoxypodophyllotoxin synthase

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The expected taxonomic range for this enzyme is: Sinopodophyllum hexandrum

EC NUMBER
COMMENTARY hide
1.14.11.50
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RECOMMENDED NAME
GeneOntology No.
(-)-deoxypodophyllotoxin synthase
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REACTION
REACTION DIAGRAM
COMMENTARY hide
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
(-)-yatein + 2-oxoglutarate + O2 = (-)-deoxypodophyllotoxin + succinate + CO2 + H2O
show the reaction diagram
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-
-
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PATHWAY
BRENDA Link
KEGG Link
MetaCyc Link
(-)-4'-desmethyl-epipodophyllotoxin biosynthesis
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6-methoxypodophyllotoxin biosynthesis
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SYSTEMATIC NAME
IUBMB Comments
(-)-yatein,2-oxoglutarate:oxygen oxidoreductase (ring-forming)
The enzyme, characterized from the plant Sinopodophyllum hexandrum, is involved in the biosynthetic pathway of podophyllotoxin, a non-alkaloid toxin lignan whose derivatives are important anticancer drugs. It catalyses the closure of the central six-membered ring in the aryltetralin scaffold.
ORGANISM
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
UNIPROT
SEQUENCE DB
SOURCE
or Sinopodophyllum hexandrum, gene Phex30848 or 2-ODD
UniProt
Manually annotated by BRENDA team
GENERAL INFORMATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
metabolism
the oxoglutarate-dependent dioxygenase is involved in the biosynthesis of (-)-4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin (the etoposide aglycone), a naturally occurring lignan that is the immediate precursor of etoposide and, unlike podophyllotoxin, a potent topoisomerase inhibitor. Biosynthetic pathway of (-)-podophyllotoxin, overview
SUBSTRATE
PRODUCT                       
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
(Substrate) hide
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product) hide
LITERATURE
(Product)
Reversibility
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
(-)-yatein + 2-oxoglutarate + O2
(-)-deoxypodophyllotoxin + succinate + CO2 + H2O
show the reaction diagram
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-
-
?
NATURAL SUBSTRATES
NATURAL PRODUCTS
REACTION DIAGRAM
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY
(Substrate) hide
LITERATURE
(Substrate)
COMMENTARY
(Product) hide
LITERATURE
(Product)
REVERSIBILITY
r=reversible
ir=irreversible
?=not specified
(-)-yatein + 2-oxoglutarate + O2
(-)-deoxypodophyllotoxin + succinate + CO2 + H2O
show the reaction diagram
A0A0N9HQ36
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-
-
?
ACTIVATING COMPOUND
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
IMAGE
oxoglutarate
dependent on
Cloned/COMMENTARY
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
gene Phex30848 or 2-ODD, expression analysis by qRT-PCR analysis, transcriptome mining to identify biosynthetic genes in the podophyllotoxin pathway, Agrobacterium-mediated functional transient expression of the genes of the podophyllotoxin pathway in Nicotiana benthamiana
EXPRESSION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
LITERATURE
the enzyme is induced by wounding of the mayapple leaves
APPLICATION
ORGANISM
UNIPROT
COMMENTARY hide
LITERATURE
synthesis
recombinant coexpression of the genes involved in the podophyllotoxin pathway permits to reconstitute the pathway to (-)-4'-demethylepipodophyllotoxin (the etoposide aglycone), a naturally occurring lignan that is the immediate precursor of etoposide and, unlike podophyllotoxin, a potent topoisomerase inhibitor, for production of the etoposide aglycone in tobacco and circumvent the need for cultivation of mayapple and semisynthetic epimerization and demethylation of podophyllotoxin